China's Population & Minorities

In China, there is an idiom says although Chinese people may eat the same kind of rice, they can grow up into different kinds of people finally. China is a county with large numbers of people. It supports 21% of the world's population with 9% of the world's cultivable land. So it is easy to find unique characters in each regional inhabits in this vast land.

China  ethnic groups

Population


China carried out its fifth national population census on November 1, 2000. It has a population of 1,295.33 million. Of which: the total population of the 32 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities (excluding Jinmen and Mazu islands of Fujian Province hereafter) and of servicemen on the mainland of China was 1,265.83 million; the population of Hong Kong SAR was 6.78 million; the population of Macao SAR was 440 thousand; the population of Taiwan Province and of Jinmen, Mazu and a few other islands of Fujian Province was 22.28 million.
 
Population of China is expected to reach at 1.4 billion by the late 2010s, and around 2030, population of country is anticipated to peak then start dropping slowly.

Ethnic Groups

China has 56 ethnic groups. Of the people enumerated in the 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and servicemen of the mainland of China, 1,159.40 million persons or 91.59 percent were of Han nationality, and 106.43 million persons or 8.41 percent were of various national minorities.Learn more about Chinese ethnic groups festivals by transfer to the page Ethnic Group Festivals in China.


Contemporay Generation's Life Pattern in China
 

People in their 70-80s

Enjoy respect in a very big family. This generation was mainly born in Mao’s time, they may have several siblings and several daughters and sons. During holiday time, their daughters and sons come back home together celebrate the holiday in traditional way.
 

People in their 50-70s

Enjoy their retire life. There are mainly covered by the state welfare system and gain pension monthly for their daily expense. For most people their savings goes to contribute to their children’ s new house rather than keep the money to themselves and travel to see the world.
 

People in their 30-50s

Main working force of China. They are working hard and considering the social status more than the youth people does, cars, houses, wealthy and luxury holiday aboard are the symbols for having a good life. Save enough money to have a higher quality of retire life.
 

People in their 20-30s

Single child generation. Creative and set themselves apart from others. They value explore and experience and favor adventurer over the CEO.
 

People in their 0-20s

They may have another sibling due to the newly released two children policy.


Major Habits of Chinese Ethnic Minority Groups

Ethnic Group
Major Areas of Distribution
Achang
Yunnan
Bai
Yunnan, Guizhou
Bao'an
Gansu
Bouyei
Guizhou
Bulang
Yunnan
Dai
Yunnan
Daur
Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang
De'ang
Yunnan
Dong
Guizhou, Hunan, Guangxi
Dongxiang
Gansu, Xinjiang
Drung
Yunnan
Ewenki
Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
Hani
Yunnan
Hezhen
Heilongjiang
Hui
Ningxia, Gansu, Henan, Hebei, Qinghai, Shandong, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Anhui, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shaanxi, Beijing, Tianjin
Gaoshan
Taiwan (population not counted), Fujian
Gelo
Guizhou, Guangxi
Jing
Guangxi
Jingpo
Yunnan
Jino
Yunnan
Kazak
Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai
Kirgiz
Xinjiang, Heilongjiang
Korean
Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang
Lahu
Yunnan
Li
Hainan
Lisu
Yunnan, Sichuan
Loba
Tibet
Manchu
Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Beijing, Inner Mongolia
Maonan
Guangxi
Miao
Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hainan, Hubei
Mongba
Tibet
Mongolian
Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Qinghai
Mulam
Guangxi
Naxi
Yannan, Sichuan
Nu
Yunnan
Oroqen
Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
Ozbek
Xinjiang
Pumi
Yunnan
Qiang
Sichuan
Russian
Xinjiang
Salar
Qinghai, Gansu
She
Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong
Shui
Guizhou, Guangxi
Tajik
Xinjiang
Tartar
Xinjiang
Tibetan
Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunan
Tu
Qinghai, Gansu
Tujia
Hunnan, Hubei
Uygur
Xinjiang
Va
Yunnan
Xibo
Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin
Yao
Guangxi, Hunan, Ynnan, Guangdong, Guizhou
Yi
Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi
Yugu
Gansu
Zhuang
Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou
Data Source from: www.c-c-c.org

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