Located in the northern part of Mt. Everest in Tibet, Lake Horpo is the highest Lake in China and the highest in the world at an altitude of 6,166 meters. Horpo Lake mainly consists from melting glaciers water from snow capped mountains. It is a not very large fresh water lake. Due to its late discovery, many study marital has not been updated it yet.
Kashun Lake, 5556 meters above sea level, is a salt water lake. It is located in the alpine region. The lake water mainly comes from the glacier and snow melting in the alpine region. However, Kashun Lake can not flow out and loses the fluidity of a fresh water lake, so it belongs to the salt water lake.
Located in the northwest part of Zhongba County, Tibet, Senritso Lake is the Highest Outflow Freshwater Lake that with a height of 5,386 meters above sea level. Covered a surface area of 83.8 square kilometers, water of this lake runs from north to south, flowing through Laiwu Zangbu and pouring into the upstream of Brahmaputra River.
With a height of 4,718 meters above sea level, covered a surface area of 1,920 km², Namtso Lake is the highest saltwater lake in China and also the highest lake in the world (among lakes with surface area above 1,000 sq. km).
Located on the border between Damxung County and Baingoin County, Tibet, Namtso Lake is renowned as one of the most beautiful places in the Nyainqêntanglha mountain range with pure clean water which reflected the color of the sky. Thus the local people named it Nam as in Tibetan language, Nam means “Sky”.
This lake is one of the 4 scared lakes of Tibetan Buddhism. There are 5 islands lie on the water, which is said that they are embodiments of gods. Every year, hundreds of thousands pilgrims come here to worship the Holy Spirit it represented.
Lake Manasarovar or Mapam Yumco is a fresh-water lake in Ngari, 2,000 km from Lhasa. It lies at 4,556 m above mean sea level, making it the highest fresh-water lake in the world. Like Mount Kailash, Lake Manasasarovar is a place of pilgrimage, and it is one of the 3 scared Lakes in Tibet, along with Namtso Lake and Yamdrok Lake.
The lake, in Hindu religious belief, the lake was first created in the mind of the Lord Brahma. It is also supposed to be the summer abode of swans. Considered as sacred birds, the swans represent wisdom and beauty. It attracts religious people from Tibet, India, Nepal, and the other neighboring countries.
Yamdrok Lake is one of the three sacred lakes in Tibet, along with Namtso Lake and Lake Manasarovar. In Tibetan language, Yamdrok Lake means “jade lake” or “swam pool”. Surrounded by grand snow-capped mountains, this lake is fed by numerous small streams. With a height of 4,488 meters, it is the 9th highest lakes in China.
With an area of 621 square kilometers, this fan-shaped lake with vast lakeside grassland, is also a fertilized highland pasture. According to local mythology, Yamdrok Lake is the transformation of a goddess.
There are shoals of fish living in Yamdrok Yumtso lake, which are commercially exploited by local population. From April to October, fish caught from this lake are sold at markets in Lhasa. Besides, the lake's islands serve as rich pasture land to local herdmen.
The above are the highest lakes in China. The lakes in the high altitude look like a mirror, with pure water. All of the lakes locate in the west part of China. If you tour in west part of China, don’t miss the lake.
Xian, Lanzhou, Jiayuguan, Dunhuang, Turpan, Urumqi