China High-speed Railway has two meanings.
In terms of technical standards, China high-speed rail refers to a passenger dedicated railway with a speed of 250km/h (including reserved lines) and above whose initial operating speed is not less than 200km/h. These railway lines are new designed and constructed after China’s campaign to raise the speed of railway travel.
In terms of highway network construction, China high-speed rail refers to all the new rail lines and some of the existing rail lines that are designed to reach the standard of 200km/h and above in the territory of People's Republic of China.
First of all, high-speed rail carries a high capacity. The schedule of the high-speed railway can be more frequent than normal transportations. Its minimum departure frequency can be every 4 minutes or even less, thus the capacity of high-speed rail is larger than the other modes of transport.
Second, high-speed rail is fast and has a high on-schedule rate. The speed of 250-300km/h is the most important symbol of high-speed railway technology. High-speed trains are all automated and can operate around the clock unless an earthquake strikes, which ensures the high punctuality of high-speed trains.
Third, high-speed rail is more comfortable and convenient with high safety degree.
The high-speed railway trains are luxurious with complete work and living facilities. The seats are spacious and comfortable, and the operation is very smooth. Because of the automatic operation in the closed environment, high-speed railway has a series of perfect security system, so its safety degree is unmatched by any means of transportation.
Fourth, the energy consumption of high-speed rail is low and its impact on the environment is light. High-speed trains can use various forms of energy, such as electric power instead of consuming the precious petroleum and other liquid fuels, which have little impact on the environment.
Fifth, the economic benefits of high-speed railways are good.
Although started construction in 2004, the high-speed rail in China has currently become the world's largest high-speed rail network. By the end of 2017, the national railway mileage reached 127,000 kilometers, of which 25,000 km are high-speed rail, accounted for 66.3% of the world's total high-speed. China's railway electrification rate ranks first in the world.
According to the "medium-and-long term railway network planning" updated in 2016, China high-speed railway will carry out the "eight longitudinal and eight horizontal" railway network layout.
By 2020, the railway network will reach 150,000 kilometers, with 30,000 kilometers of high-speed railways covering more than 80% of the major cities.
By 2025, the railway network will be about 175,000 kilometers, with a high-speed railway of about 38,000 kilometers.
By 2030, we will basically achieve connectivity within and outside the region, open interregional roads, connect provincial capitals by high-speed rail, construct rapid access to cities and counties, and achieve basic coverage of counties.
Beijing, Dengfeng Shaolin Temple, Luoyang, Xian, Mt. Wudang, Wuhan, Shanghai
From on request
Xian, Lanzhou, Jiayuguan, Dunhuang, Turpan, Urumqi
Beijing, Datong, Pingyao, Xian, Shanghai