Chinese cuisine culture is one of the Chinese culture. China is a vast country, taking up most of Asia and claiming much of its eastern coastline, which makes the cuisines in China vary from east to west, north to south. Compared with western food, the cooking style of Chinese cuisine is various, such as steam, boil, bake, fry and so on.
Three Essential Factors of Chinese Cooking
The three essential factors, by which Chinese cooking is judged, are known as color, aroma and taste. The color of Chinese food, the first of these factors which is so evident in a Chinese banquet, includes the layout and design of the dishes, best exemplified in particular by the large elaborately-prepared cold dishes served at the beginning of the dinner. Aroma implies more than what's the nose can detect directly, it also includes the freshness of the raw materials used and the blending of seasoning. Taste is the art of proper seasoning, though it also involves the texture of the food and fine slicing skills. These three factors are achieved by the careful coordination of a series of delicate activities, including selecting ingredients, cutting, mixing flavors, timing the cooking, controlling the heat and finally, laying out the food on the plate for the table.
Varieties of Chinese Cuisine
If you hear someone say that I love Chinese food, he or she is taking too much for granted. In fact, there is no such simple thing as the so-called ‘Chinese food'. A more accurate statement in this instance should be such that expresses one's preference for a particular Chinese cuisine or a particular regional way of cooking. With a territory as large and a history as long and complex as China's, it is inevitable that distinct regional differences in cuisine have involved over the course of centuries. Numerous factors are involved in this diction, geography, climate, transportation, migration, and influence from overseas cultures, etc..
Although there is no agreement on the precise number of Chinese regional cuisines, those concerned with such matters agree that the four principal culinary regions are Shandong, Sichuan, Canton, and Jiangsu. It should be pointed out that these designations are not hard and fast geographical boundaries. Beijing food, for example, falls within the realm of Shandong cooking, but includes some Sichuan dishes and Mongolian-influenced specialties, while the cuisine of the entire densely populated Yangtze River Delta area, including Wuxi, Suzhou, Shanghai, and Hangzhou dishes, falls under the category of Yangzhou cuisine. All over China, local delicacies and foods unique to various ethnic groups are numerous. According to some others, the characteristic flavors of China's eight cuisines can be summed up as the light southern cuisines, and the salty northern cuisines, the sweet eastern cuisines, and the spicy western cuisines.