When China came into the modern times, to adapt to the requirements of the development of history, Islam had some new changes in the mainland and Xinjiang areas. To resist the the class oppression and ethnic discrimination of Qing Dynasty, Chinese muslims together with the Chinese people carried on many uprising and struggle.
This uprising and struggle heavy blew the Qing Dynasty's ethnic oppression; they were the constituent part of Chinese people's anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggle. But every uprising was cruelly suppressed by the the Qing Dynasty rulers; hence, the population decreased sharply, and a large number of Muslim were banished to border area or a poor and out-of-the-way place. The Muslim was living more and more dispersedly; and their living environment and social environment were more difficult. At that time, Chinese Muslim suffered difficulties.
At the late Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the republic of China, because of the development of social contradiction and sectarian conflicts, imams from Gansu Dongxiang, propagated Wahhabi religious claims and classic, and founded the Ikhwan faction in the northwest Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia region, then spreaded to Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Xinjiang and other regions. This was second church differentiation of Chinese Islam since the afferent Sufis in late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty. After the two differentiation, there formed the modern Chinese Islam structure.
After the 1930 s, in all China Hui nationality Muslim distribution parts, there were all kinds of ordinary primary schools, ordinary middle schools and normal colleges. At the same time in the old type scripture hall education, the curriculum were also gradually changed, and commonly increased classes like Chinese and common sense. For the development of Islamic education and culture, Chinese Muslim religious education and cultural community had also been established. All kinds of Islamic social organizations and academic and cultural institutions increased day by day; and the academic activities were carried out extensively. In order to adapt to the development of modern society and the revitalization of the national and the Islamic culture, many Muslim intellectuals established many publications around in China, forming new high tide of China Islamic academic culture research since the late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty.