About during the Northern Song Dynasty, Islam was introduced into Xinjiang
region from central Asia. From 15th to 16th century, Islam had rapid development in Xinjiang, not only reflected in the increased devotional people and the expanded areas, but also the forming of the main ideology of all ethnic groups.
Islam occupied advantages in Xinjiang's Turpan and Hami districts; it had become a unified religion of Uigur from different areas. It had the profound influence of Uigur language, customs, ethics and psychological quality.
The features of Islamic spread and development in Xinjiang
1. Each dynasty implemented the Islamic law. The religious top people like Sheikh, Mulla, Kaldi, had a higher social status; which are honored as teachers and religious advisers by the Qarakhanids king and Cahetai King. In the ruler's support, religious leaders had a lot of rights. The religious top people gave reconstruction to the tombs of the Islamic martyr.
2. Since the early 17th century, central Asia Sufis famous Farooq Azam's sons, came to Xinjiang successively to do missionary work. Using their special identity, with the southern Xinjiang Yarkant ruler's support, they widely accepted disciples, amassed wealth, formed a strong religious and political power. As for the religious leadership, the khoja family were divided into two different religious sects which were opposite. Until the middle of 18th century, the Qing Dynasty pacified dzungaria noble insurgency and reoccupied Xinjiang; hence, the khoja Family forces was collapsed.
3. At the same time of the development of khoja Family, Islamic Sufis mysticism got further spread and development. It combined Xinjiang Turkic ethnic original religious influence and traditional culture, produced many Sophie mystical Ishan Sect. The emergence and develpment of the Ishan Sect promoted the development of the saints, the holy sepulchre and the enlargement of the Mazar architecture, and formed Xinjiang's unique Islam etiquette institution.