Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge(HZMB) is the longest sea-crossing bridge in China and also in the world, with a length of 55 kilometers, connects Hong Kong, Zhuhai, and Macao together, and shortens the driving time from Hong Kong to Zhuhai and Macao from 3 hours to 45 minutes. It has great significances not only in bridge construction, but also in economy.
► Who is the designer of HZMB?
Meng Fanchao is the designer and chief engineer of HZMB.
►How long is HZMB?
It is 55 km long, with the main bridge 29.6 km long.
►What is the cost of HZMB?
It costs about 120 billion RMB.
►When does it open?
It opened on October 24, 2018.
As an outstanding sea-crossing bridge, Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge has great achievements surprising the world. The 55 km Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge has a 6.7 km undersea tunnel, 2 offshore artificial islands. The undersea tunnel and offshore artificial islands are never made before the construction of HZMB, and the technology to build this sea-crossing bridge was a great challenge to China, but China did it. The successful construction has sharpened China’s technology and impressed the world with another human wonder. The most direct influence upon ordinary people is that it shortens the distance from Hong Kong to Zhuhai and Macao, saving people much time and travel cost.
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge was first built in December 15, 2009, and put into service in October 24, 2018, with a total investment of 126.9 billion RMB.
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge has adopted the course from Shan Shek Wan(Lantau Island) to Gongbei/ Mingzhu ( Zhuhai), and it starts from Shan Shek Wan, Hong Kong port, through Hong Kong waters, to Tonggu course, Lingdingxi course, Qingzhou course, Jiuzhou course and ends in Zhuhai port and Macao port.
Its construction consists of three parts: bridge and tunnel construction in sea, Hong Kong, Macao and Zhuhai ports costruction, and Hong Kong, Macao and Zhuhai connection construction. In the bridge and tunnel construction, from Tonggu course to Lingdingxi course, it has built a undersea tunnel, which is China’s first immersed tunnel under sea, and also the world’s longest one for road traffic. For the conversion between bridge and tunnel, two offshore artificial islands has been built in the two ends of the tunnel. The east artificial island is 1563 meters away from Tonggu course center, and it is in oval shape, 625 meters long and 225 meters wide, covering an area of 103,000 square meters. The west artificial island is 2018 meters away from Lingdingxi course center. It is also in oval shape, 625 meters long and 185 meters wide, covering an area of 98,000 square meters.
In the ports construction, Zhuhai-Macao ports have built on a newly-filled artificial island, and the island is 950 meters wide from west to east, 1930 meters long from north to west, covering an area of 2,170,000 square meters. Hong Kong port is also on an artificial island with an area of 1300,000 square meters, close to Hong Kong International Airport.
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge has three ports, in Hongkong, Zhuhai and Macao. It is a six lane two way highway, with a design speed of 100 km per hour. Special license is needed for cars running on this bridge.
► What are the time slots for traffic permits on HZMB?
HZMB is available in 24/7 for car drivers. In nights, there are bright lights, and drivers won’t have any problems while driving in dark nights.
►What cars can use HZMB?
Eligible cars with official permits: cross-boundary buses, shuttle buses, across-boundary taxis , freight vehicles, and across-boundary private cars under quotas.
Tourists could take shuttle bus, cross-boundary bus or cross-boundary taxi, travelling between Zhuhai/ Macao and Hong Kong.
►What is the toll charge?
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge only has 1 toll plaza with 20 toll gates, which is set up in the bridge management area of Zhuhai-Macao ports artificial island. The toll charge is listed as this: 150 yuan for private car and taxi, 200 yuan for cross-boundary bus, 300 yuan for shuttle bus, and 60 for goods vehicle, and 115 for container truck. The Bridge toll could be paid through cash, bank cards and e-payment like WeChat Pay and Alipay.
►Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge Shuttle Bus
Shuttle bus is running between Zhuhai port/ Macao port and Hong Kong port. Steps for taking shuttle bus: Passengers pass though a port, buy ticket and take shuttle bus, and pass through another port. Although tourists take shuttle bus travelling in this three cities, necessary papers are needed according to law, which is the same like travelling through other ports. Every seat is equipped with USB interface for passengers.
Bus charge and timetable
Shuttle bus for Hong Kong-Zhuhai line, and Hong Kong-Macao line takes 58 yuan per ticket in day time, and 63 yuan per ticket in night time. Shuttle bus is available at 24/7, with a terminal of 5-10 or 10-15 minutes at different time periods.