Famous Landmarks in Beijing

Famous Landmarks in Beijing are considered the Name Card of Beijing, like the Badaling Great Wall, Forbidden City, Olympic sites, etc. Both ancient and new. They are somehow, represent a certain character or role which  Beijing presenting to the world. Come with TopChinaTravel, to witness and appreciate those famous Beijing landmarks.

Top 1 Badaling Great Wall——八达岭长城

Located on the northwestern suburbs of Beijing, Badaling Great Wall is the top ranked and the most popular tourist attraction in Beijing. It is one of the best-preserved and most accessible sections of the Great Wall in China.

It was first constructed during the 16th century, some 500 years ago, with large and solid square rocks. With its strategic position, Badaling Section took tremendous labor and materials. It was a vital protective screen of Beijing city and the important military pass of Ming Dynasty in ancient times. Lying on the steep mountains, and winding along the ridge, the great wall with well-equipped tourist facilities, is the first section that opened to tourists.

The steady stone fortification of the whole, including sections in Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolian and Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, was inscribed into the list of the World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.

landmarks of beijing--badaling great wall

Top 2 Tian'anmen Square——天安门广场

Tian'an men Square is located at Chang'an Avenue in the cetral area of Beijing City, the southern tip of the Forbidden City. It has been the landmark of Beijing for a long time. It is one of the top 10 largest city square around the wolrd(880 meters long and 500 meters wide).

Many vital historical national events happened or were organised in the square. Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China in this square on October 1, 1949; the anniversary of this event is still observed here. It is the witness of Chinese development. While strolling in Tian'anmen Square, looking up at the magnificent layout, the majestic momentum, the vast and deep landscape, you will feel China's rapid development.

The ceremony of raising the national flag in every morning and dropping flag in every sunset time is the most solemn ceremony in the square and an highlight for visitors to take part in. If you want to see the ceremony of raising the national flag, you must get up quite early to reach the square for a good spot, or you will be ubmerged by the crowd.

You can take a leisure walk around the square. The square contains the Monument to the People's Heroes, the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, the Great Hall of the People and the National Museum of China.

landmarks of beijing--tian;anmen square

Top 3 Forbidden City——故宫博物院

Located in the very heart of Beijing, symbolized the imperial power, the magnificent Forbidden City is considered the undoubtable grand landmark of Beijing since Ming Dynasty, when it was built.

Forbidden City, also known as Imperial Palace Museum, was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. Built in Yongle Period, Ming Dynasty (1406 - 1420 AD), it covered an area of about 720,000 square meters. It therefore is the largest and well-preserved wooden building complex of the world.

It now consists of 980 buildings with 9,999 bays of rooms. Originally, it was designed very precisely in accordance with a feudal code of architectural hierarchy which designated specific features for reflecting the paramount authority and status of the emperor. It once be the centre of the ancient, walled city of Beijing. It was listed as one of the world cultural heritages by UNESCO in 1987.

landmarks of beijing --the forbidden city

Top 4 Beijing National Stadium "Bird's Nest"——国家体育场

Bird's Nest is a nickname of the Beijing National Stadium located in the Olympic Green, 4th Ring of Beijing. It is one of the most dramatic stadiums to host the 2008 Summer Olympics. It was designed by submission from the Swiss architecture firm, appeared like a ovalsteel beams weaved nest-like building, hence the name.

Beijing National Stadium hosted the spectacular Opening and Closing Ceremonies, athletic events, and football final of the 2008 Summer Olympics, from 8 August to 24 August 2008. The stadium also hosted the Opening and Closing ceremonies and athletic events of the 2008 Summer Paralympics from 6 September to 17 September 2008. The stadium will continue to host sporting events, such as football, afterwards. It will become the most important public space in Beijing."

landmarks of beijing--bird's nest

Top 5 National Aquatics Center "Water Cube"——国家游泳中心

The National Aquatics Center, colloquially known as the Water Cube is an aquatics center that was built alongside Beijing National Stadium in the Olympic Green for the swimming competitions of the 2008 Summer Olympics. The National Aquatics Center is one of the main venues of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Equipped With international standard facilities and world top class design ideas, plus convenient Metro system connections, Water Cube is truly a quality landmark building of Beijing. It started to build on December 24, 2003 and was completed and handed over for use on January 28, 2008.It will host the curling at the 2022 Winter Olympics.


This center has 4000 fixed seats、2000 removable seats and can stretch to 11000 temporary seats when it needed. The total cost of this event was approximately 1 billion CNY. Entrance Ticket fee is 30 CNY with the Peak Season from May to October: 09:00 to 20:00 and Low Season from November to April 09:00 to 18:00.

landmarks of beijing--water cube

Top 6 National Grand Theatre of China——国家大剧院

Has a “Half-Egg-Shaped” appearance, the National Grand Theatre of China is usually described as "The Egg" by local folks. It is also known as the Chinese National Centre for the Performing Arts - an opera house in Beijing. As located to the west of Tiananmen Square and the Great Hall of the People, and near the Forbidden City, it is said to be a brand new landmark of Beijing which looks like an egg floating on water, or a water drop.

The National Centre Theatre is an ellipsoid dome of titanium and glass surrounded by an artificial lake, seats 5,452 people in three halls and is almost 12,000 m² in size. It is designed by French architect Paul Andreu. It was designed as an iconic feature, something that would be immediately recognizable. It therefore, is combined with the theatre’s futuristic design, created considerable controversy. Construction starts in December 2001 and the inaugural concerts are held in December 2007.

landmarks of beijing- natioanl grand theatre of china

Top 7 CCTV New Tower——中央电视台总部大楼

CCTV HQ (China Central Television Headquarters)or CCTV New Tower is outstanding for its brand-new appearance. It is surely that every one who has seen CCTV new Tower for at least one time will remember it immediately.

With the avant-garde appearance, CCTV headquarters building was listed oen of the the world's top ten engineering wonders by time magazine of the United States in 2007. The structure emphasizes stylish ideal. Two "L" shaped high-rise towers are linked at the top and the bottom at an angle to form a loop, which has been described as a "Z" criss-cross. The new CCTV Tower can be generally divided into three parts including the Main Building, The TV Cultural Center and auxiliary comprehensive facilities.

Those are the most famous landmarks in Beijing. Everyone in Beijing knows those places when you mention them. Except Badaling Great Wall, the other sites are located in the central area of Beijing.

landmarks of beijing-- cctv new tower

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Tian'anmen Square, the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Mutianyu Great Wall, Bird Nest, Water Cube, Beijing Zoo, Beijing Aquarium, Summer Palace, Beijing Hutong,etc