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What is Terracotta Warriors

Terracotta Warriors in China is a must-see attraction in many travelers China tour plan, here I would like list some Terracotta Warriors tour tips for your reference:

Get to know Terracotta Warriors

Attraction Names: Terracotta Warriors, Qin Terracotta Army, Warriors and Horses Museum, Qin Mausoleum

Chinese Name: 秦始皇兵马俑

Qin Mausoleum, Qinshihuang Tomb & Qin Terracotta Warriors Museum
Qin Mausoleum (秦陵): From an official definition, Qin Mausoleum is the generic term of both Qinshihuang Tomb, Terracotta Warriors Museum, etc.
Qinshihuang Tomb (秦始皇墓): From an official definition, Qinshihuang Tomb is in the center of Qin Mausoleum. It is the place to set Qinshihuang’s coffin.
Qin Terracotta Warriors Museum (兵马俑博物馆): From an official definition, Terracotta Warriors Museum refers to the things being buried with Qinshihuang.
So the relations of these three words can be regarded as

But from a general idea, all these three words can refer to Terracotta Warriors Museum because the museum is the main part to open to the public now.

Terracotta Warriors Museum can be divided into 5 major parts

Terracotta Warriors Pit 1 (第一号坑 秦兵马俑展览厅)
Terracotta Warrior Pit 2 (第二号坑)
Terracotta Warriors Pit 3 (第三号坑)
Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall (铜车马陈列室)
Bronze Weapons Exhibition Hall (出土兵器陈列室)
Map of Terracotta Warriors


Our Terracotta Warriors Tour Sightseeing can include Pit 1, Pit 2 and Pit 3, Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hal, Bronze Weapon Exhibition Halll, etc. (Not fixed because some sites may be closed for renovating)

Now I will list these 5 major parts one by one for your reference

► Pit 1 (第一号坑): the first discovered pit and the largest pit at present.
Basic Information
Discovered Time
Feb, 1974
Excavate Time
First Time: Between 1978 and 1984
Second Time: 1985
Excavated Area
Frist Time: 2,000 square meters
Second Time: 2,000 square meters
What was found in Pit 1
Pit 1 describes a marching square consisted of chariots armies and infantries.
Function of Pit 1
According to the postures of the terra cottas, pit 1 is the right army of Qinshihuang.
Scene in Pit 1
From the east to the west in this pit, there are 38 rows terra cottas. The whole pit unearthed about 6,000 terra cottas in a square formation.

Pit 2 (第二号坑): Most parts are unexcavated because of the unmatured technique to protecting colored terra cottas.
Basic Information
Discovered Time
Feb, 1974
What was found in Pit 2
Pit 2 describes a scene consisted of cavalries, chariots armies, infantries and archers units.
Function of Pit 2
According to the postures of the terra cottas, it might be a special troops.
Excavated Problem
The excavated speed in Pit 2 is very slow. Because at present, there is no high efficient colored terra cottas maintaining technique. Once the colored terra cottas unearthed, the color on the them will be faded out within few minutes later.

Pit 2 Exhibition Hall: Aims to protect the pit without destroy, there is an exhibition hall of Pit 2 to display some typical Terracotta Warriors unearthed in Pit 2
Kneeling Fire Soldier - a kind of heavy infantry
Cavalry - Saddle horse with low bridge
Standing Shooting Soldier
General - the highest military rank warrior at present

► Pit 3 (第三号坑): A military command
Basic Information
Discovered Time
Feb, 1974
What was found in Pit 3
Pit 2 describes a scene consisted of 68 terracotta warriors .
Pit 3 Area
About 520 Square Meters
Function of Pit 3
According to the postures of the terra cottas, it might be a military command.
Although this pit is smaller than the other two, it has high value in the archaeology. From the scene there, we may trace about the ancient military command.
A Destroy in Pit 3
Inside Pit 3, heads of the most of the terracotta warriors disappeared. Even more, some parts missed. From these clues, some conclude that Pit 3 was experienced a destroy by men.
► Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall (铜车马陈列室)
Basic Information
What is exhibited
Bronze Chariots and Horses
No. 1 Bronze Chariot
The No. 1 Bronze Chariot is one chariot in Qingshihuang’s honor guard. It plays as a safeguard function in the honor guard.
No. 2 Bronze Chariot
According to a conclusion from archaeological experts, the No. 2 Braonze Chariot may be used by Qingshihuang only. Thus, the No. 2 chariot is more luxurious and elaborate than the No. 1 chariot.

♦ Bronze Weapons Exhibition Hall (出土兵器陈列室)
Basic Information
What is exhibited
Unearthed bronze weapons
No. 1 Bronze Chariot
Short Weapons: using for close combat. The bronze sword and gold hook are such a kind of weapons, including: sword, gold hook,
Long Handle Weapons: the long handle weapons unearthed in the pits are spear, dagger-axe, halberd, tomahawk, and beryllium bronze and so on. Just one of them was made of iron, others are bronze weapons. They all has long wooden handle.
Long-range Weapons: As early as the Warring States Period, Qin had already used strong crossbow as weapon and it played an important role in wars at that time.

Short Weapons

Long Handle Weapons

Long-range Weapons