Local in southwest of Shandong Province in China, Qufu is known as the birth place of famous philosopher Confucius. So there are a variety of historic palaces, cemeteries and temples related with Confucius culture and the best place to visit in Qufu would be those historic sites. The three most famous cultural sites of the city are collectively known as San Kong, i.e. "The Three Confucian", namely the Temple of Confucius (Kong Miao), the Cemetery of Confucius (Kong Lin) and Kong Family Mansion (Kong Fu). The three places are must see in Qufu. Other attractions like Shimen Mountain and Tomb of Emperor Shao Hao are also recommended if you have enough time.
Located in Qufu city center, Temple of Confucius was built for the worship of Confucius, who is a famous thinker, statesman and educator in dynasties of the Spring and Autumn Period. It is a complex of ancient buildings with oriental architectural features, large-scale and imposing. First built in 478 BC and based on the former residence of Confucius, it is the largest existing Confucius Temple in China. It is recommend to stay here for 3 hours. The opening hour is 07:30 am to 4:30 pm.
Kong Family Mansion is located in the eastern side of Confucian Temple in Qufu, Shandong Province. It belonged to the mansion of direct descendant of Confucius, who was named "Duke Yansheng". This mansion covers an area of 240 acres, including a total of about 463 halls and rooms. The best time to visit there is from July to October. And it is recommended to spend 1 to 2 hours there.
Cemetery of Confucius or Confucius Forest is the cemetery of the Confucius and his families. This cemetery is the largest, the oldest and the best preserved tombs clan’s tomb group and artificial garden. The walls are all built with gray bricks. The best time to visit there is in Spring and autumn, especially in September and October, for the weather is good and the scenery is beautiful at the time period and there are many local activities to participate in. It is recommended to spend 3 hours there.
Formerly known as Longmen mountain, Shimen Mountain Forest Park is located 25 kilometers northeast of Qufu City. Scenery here is quite beautiful. You can see beautiful peaks and verdant trees.
Located in the northeast of Jiuxian Village, on the eastern outskirts of the city of Qufu in Shandong Province, China, Tomb of Emperor Shao Hao is a pyramid shaped monument. The monument was built to in honor of Shaohao, the son of the first mythical Chinese emperor (the Yellow Emperor) and one of the mythical five emperors himself.
Each year from late September to early October: Shandong Qufu International Confucius Cultural Festival. There will be large-scale Dancing Melody for Worshipping Confucius, International Confucius academic exchanges seminars, study of Confucius' hometown, classic marriage customs tourism, archaize archery and other tourism cultural and recreational activities in the festival. So it is highly recommended to visit Qufu during this period of time.
From on request