Fujian Facts

Fujian Province, with its capital Fuzhou, is on China's southeastern coast. It faces the island province of Taiwan across Taiwan Strait to the east. Neighboring provinces are Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, and Guangdong to the south.

Fujian is located in the shore of East China Sea, belong to the East China Area or South China Area. Fujian is well-known home town to overseas Chinese, overseas Chinese who was born in Fujian all over the world are about 10.88 million people. Among those, overseas Chinese in Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia are occupying the most. 80% Taiwan compatriots are native Fujian. Fujian is the traffic hub of East China Sea and South China Sea, is one of the nearest provinces between China and Southeast Asia, West Asia, East Africa and Oceania.

Fujian is blessed with a rich history, famous historical sites and beautiful natural landscapes. These make Fujian a unique tourist attraction.

Provincial capital: Fuzhou

Area: Fujian has the total land area of 124000 square kilometers, sea area of 136000 square kilometers.

Geography:
Fujian is located in the southeast of China, its topography is high in the northwest, low in the southeast. Huanggangshan, the highest peak in Fujian, has an elevation 2158 meters, located in the northwest Wuyi Mountain. It is also the highest peak in the South-East of China.

Fujian coastal landform mainly consists of peninsula and bays. In Mingjiang Estuary, there are great coastal plains, such as Fuzhou Plain, Xinghua Plain, Quanzhou Plain and Zhangzhou Plain. In the southeastern coastal zone, there is province area of cultivated land, and this area is also the most developed regions of the economy and culture in Fujian province.

Population: a population of almost 36.9 millions (2010)

Administrative Division:
Fujian is divided into nine prefecture-level divisions, all prefecture-level cities: 

#
Name
Hanzi
Administrative Seat
Population (2010)
1
Fuzhou
福州市
Gulou District
7115370
2
Xiamen
厦门市
Siming District
3531347
3
Putian
莆田市
Chengxiang District
2778508
4
Sanming
三明市
Meilie District
2503388
5
Quanzhou
泉州市
Fengze District
8128530
6
Zhangzhou
漳州市
Xiangcheng District
4809983
7
Nanping
南平市
Yanping District
2645549
8
Longyan
龙岩市
Xinluo District
2559545
9
Ningde
宁德市
Jiaocheng District
2821996














Climate
Fujian has a year-round warm and humid climate. Annual average rainfall ranges from a low of 1400 mm to a high of 2000 mm, and annual average temperature from a low of 17 C to a high of 21 C.

History
Under the Han Dynasty, the territory of Fujian was under the Yang province (but in essence Fujian was outside of Chinese control), under Western Jin under Yang province, an organisation maintained under Sui.

Under Tang Dynasty, Fujian formed part of Jiangnan province. Under Northern Song, Fujian province was established under that name. Under Southern Song, Fujian province was maintained.

Under Yuan, from 1278 to 1299, Fujian territory was split in Fuzhou and Quanzhou provinces, from 1299 Fujian territory was part of Jiangzhe. Under late Yuan, Fujian province was established in 1352; it was maintained under Ming, Qing, the Republic of China and the PRC.

Taiwan, which submitted to China in 1683, was annexed into Fujian province in 1689. It was separated from Fujian in 1885 when it was made a separate province.

Transport
Fujian boasts a well-developed transport network, making travel to and within the province very convenient.

•Its nine airports serve more than 140 airlines, including direct flights to Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan and Korea.
•By Rail, more than 35 train services link Fujian to several major cities in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, Hangzhou, Kunming, Chengdu, etc…