tailor made tour

Ask a Question


I accept the Privacy Policy.

Questions & Answers

Muslim in China

Muslim Population in China

At present, there are more than 1.4 billion Muslims in the world, accounting for 19.32 percent of the total population, and there are quite a few Muslims in China.

Muslim population in China was estimated as 20.32 million in 2012. It accounts for about 1.64% of China total population, 20% of Chinese ethnic population and 1.7% of the world's 1.2 billion Muslims.

muslim in china

Muslim Distribution in China

The total number of Muslims in China is 20 million, which is a significant figure. Muslim population in China mainly distribute in southwestern China such as Xinjiang, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai etc.

Top Ten Muslim Provinces in China (2010 Statistics)

No. Muslim Province Muslim Population Islam Mosque
No.1 Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region 13.4 million More than 24000
No.2 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 2.5 million More than 4000
No.3 Gansu province 1.37 million More than 2500
No.4 Qinghai province 1.15 million More than 930
No.5 Yunnan province 1.09 million More than 820
No.6 Henan provicne 1.02 million More than 620
No.7 Hebei province 0.6 million More than 578
No.8 Shandong province 0.54 million More than 506
No.9 Anhui provicne 0.33 million More than 121
No.10 Liaoning province 0.31 million More than 119


Other Muslim Provinces or Cities in China


Muslim Province Muslim Population Muslim Province Muslim Population
Beijing Muslim population 249,223  Tianjin Muslim population 177,734
Shanghai Muslim population 78,163 Inner Mongolia Muslim population 270,000
Shaanxi Muslim population 138,716 Jiangsu Muslim population 130,757
Fujian Muslim population 115,978 Hunan Muslim population 118,799
Jilin Muslim population 118,799 Heilongjiang Muslim population 101,749
Shanxi Muslim population 59,709 Hainan Muslim population 10,670
Chongqing Muslim population 9,056    


Muslim Minority in China

A total of 10 nationalities believed in Islam in China, they respectively are: Hui, Uygur, Kazak, Uzbek, Tajik, Tatar, Kirgiz, Salar, Dongxiang and Bonan.

Hui minority

The Hui population is about 11 million. The population is distributed widely and in small concentrations. There are Hui people all over the country. For example, there are special Hui areas in Luoyang. The Hui minority generally speak Chinese.


The Uygur population is about 10 million, mainly in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, most of which live in the southern Xinjiang. The Uygur nationality generally speak Uyghur.


Kazakhstan has a population of about 1.6 million people, mainly in the northern Autonomous Prefecture of Yili Kazak in Xinjiang. The Kazakhstan generally speak Kazak.


The Khalkhas, also known as the kyrgyz, have a population of about 200,000, 80 percent of which live in Zile Kurtz Autonomous Prefecture of southern Xinjiang, and the rest are in other counties in the west and north of southern Xinjiang. Korkiz is spoken, as well as Uyghur.


The Tajik population is about 60,000, and 60% are distributed in the Tajik Autonomous County of Tashkuran in the eastern part of the Pamirs Plateau, and 40% of the population is scattered in Shadong, Zepu, Yecheng, Pishan and other counties. The Tajik people speak Tajik language, which belongs to the Iranian language family.


With a population of about 14,000, ethnic Uzbeks live in Urumqi, Yining, Tacheng, Shatong, Kashgar and other cities in Xinjiang. The Uzbek nationality speak Uzbek language which belongs to Altay language.


The population of the Tatar ethnic group is about 4,000, scattered in Urumqi, Yining, Tacheng and other cities, and mixed with the Uygur and Kazak ethnic groups. The Tatar people speak the Tatar language, which belongs to the Altai language family.


The population of Sala is about 87,000. Their main settlement is the Xunhua Salar Autonomous County in Qinghai province, and the rest mainly live in the Huilong Hui Autonomous County of Qinghai province and the Baoan ethnic group, Dongxiang and Sala Autonomous Counties in Gansu Province. The Sala language is spoken by Salah people, which belongs to the Altai language family.


The population of Dongxiang ethnic group is about 373,000, mainly living in the Dongxiang Autonomous County of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu province. The rest are scattered in other Linxia counties, Lanzhou, Ningxia, Qinghai, Changji, Yili and Tacheng in Xinjiang.


The population of Baoan is about 10,000. They mainly live in the Baoan ethnic group, Dongxiang and Sala Autonomous Counties in Gansu Province. The Baoan people speak the Baoan language, which belongs to the Altai language family. But most of them speak Chinese.