inside Lijiang Ancient Town on the foot of Lion Mountain, walking along the west river of Sifang Street, 10 min walking
The old mansion house of generations of Lijiang's Tusi in ancient time; perfect site to admire the beautiful and spectacular building of Naxi Nationality
Mufu Palace or Mu Family Mansion, is short for Palazzo della Famiglia Mu. Located on the foot of Lion Mountain, Mufu Palace is the grand garden of Lijiang Ancient Town.
Lijiang Ancient Town is the famous historical site in China, and Mufu Palace is the most recommendation attraction in Lijiang. The top ruler of Naxi minority Mu Family had been in Lijiang since Yuan Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, totally 470 years with 22 generation rulers. During the late Ming Dynasty, Mu Family was in the peak time. And the elaborate decoration of this palace was surprised by Xu Xiake, the famous ancient geologist. He spoke highly of this palace in the sentence “As gorgeous as the imperial palace”.
Mufu Palace witnesses the history of Lijiang. Located on the southwestern corner of Lijiang Ancient City, Mufu Palace is surrounded by Jade Dragon Snow Mountain in the left, Tiger Mountain in the right, and Lion Mountain at the back.
Covering about 46 mu (Chinese area unit, 1 mu = 666 sq km), the central axis is 369 meters length, Mufu Palace faces to the east direction. It is the highlight of Chinese architecture. The present Mufu Palace is a representative of ancient central China architectural style in Ming Dynasty. While it also keeps the characters of Tang and Song Dynasties. And inside it, the details show the minority features of Bai and Naxi groups. Besides architecture value, it also can be an outstanding plants museum with ancient trees and extraordinary plants. The garden in a style mixed with imperial one and Suzhou’s style.
Since the ancient time, Lijiang was the dwelling place of Naxi minority. There was no Han minority name of Naxi minority. When Zhu Yuanzhang (Taizu Emperor of Ming Dynasty) built Ming Dynasty, the minority hereditary headmen of Naxi in Lijiang called Aji Ade immediately shown the honesty of Zhu’s ruling. Zhu was extremely delight so he decided to reward a Han minority family name to Aji Ade and his group. The rewarding family name was "Mu". From that on, all the Naxi minority hereditary headmen need to used "Mu" as their family names.
During the Mu’s ruling time, aimed to maintain the nobility of their family, they promoted a family name system “Officials with Mu family name, and citizens with He family name”. Mu minority hereditary headmen was passed till the Qing Dynasty.
With Yuan, Ming and Qing three dynasties, Mu’s Palace once covered more than 100 mu, regarded as the heart of Dayan Ancient Town. Surrounded by residents’ houses, Mu family was a respectable family among locals’ minds. Mu’s family followed the discipline “Be knowledge, read literature, and keep righteousness”.
The minority hereditary headmen - Ajia Ade
Director: Yu Rongguang
Episodes: 30 (45 minutes per episode)
Legend of Mu Mansion (2012)