The Kuqa Mosque is the second largest mosque in Xinjiang, right after the Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar. Made of bricks, it was reconstructed after the original mosque was burned down in 1931. Within its compound is Xinjiang's sole religious court. Kuqa Mosque is the only mosque in China having preserved the Shariya (Islamic Court) System.
The first gate of the mosque is 18.3 meters high, built with blue brick. The mosque is made up of Xuanli Minaret, a great hall, an unknown tomb, the scripture-learning hall, the religious court, etc., covering a large area of 1,165,000 square meters. The worshipping hall of the mosque is as large as 1500 square meters which could accommodate 3,000 people.