Famous Landmarks in Chengdu
are considered the Name Card of Chengdu, like the Dujiangyan Irrigation System, Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sanxingdui Museum, etc. ancient and new. They are somehow, represent a certain character or role Chengdu played to the world. Come with TopChinaTravel
, to witness and appreciate those famous Chengdu Landmarks.
Located 45km north of Chengdu City, the Dujiangyan Irrigation System is the great technological achievement of ancient China. For more than 2,300 years of irrigation, Dujiangyan has benefited the local people just as it prevents Min River basin from annual flooding and made the ancient Shu State a famed ‘land of abundance'. This system still plays an indispensable function in agriculture. Beside, Dujiangyan survived from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake because of its firm structure. So it really deserves a visit.
This is one of the oldest irrigation systems and this is still in function these days. They are the major source of water for many fields in China. They are placed in the min river in China. This irrigation system has a major function to regulate the flow of water. That is, during the rainy season they need to store the water so that they can manage the next summer season. This river was selected first as fields which are situated in the banks were flooded often in a single year. So the best method to stop this is by building an irrigation system in its banks.
The world famous Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding is located about 25km out of Chengdu City. This huge institution replicates the natural habitat of the giant panda and is dedicated to preserving and increasing their population so they will not become extinct. You are able to get real close-up to some pandas and photograph them as well as the so-called lesser red pandas which really look and act like raccoons.
One of the biggest attractions is the panda breeding center where you can watch the baby pandas through glass in their playpens. Another highlight is the video you watch about the reserve and panda reproduction and learn how a panda gives birth to a baby cub. It is nice to see all in the panda breeding center.
Sanxingdui, located in Guanghan City, is the ruins of the capital of the ancient Shu, a Kingdom over 4,000 years ago. The site covers an area of 120,000 square meters. The discovery of Sanxingdui predates 2,000 years of Sichuan's history and proves that the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow River region are the cradle of the Chinese civilization. The Sanxindui is recognized as one of world's most important ancient remains because of its vast size, age and cultural contents.
There are a variety of unique, grotesque bronzes, such as 2.62-meter-tall standing statue, 1.38-meter-wide bronze mask, 3.95-meter-high bronze tree, all of which stand out as treasures unparalleled. In addition, the gold ware represented by the gleaming gold scepter, and jade ware such as the blades with heavy motif, turn out to be undeniable rare jewels never seen before.
Located in the bank of Wanhua Stream outside the West Gate of Chengdu City, the Thatched Cottage of Du Fu, is the former residence of the famous Tang Dynasty poet, Du Fu. During nearly four years of his stay here, Du Fu composed more than 240 poems reflecting upon the misery and the real life of the common people.
Although the original residence disappeared long ago, the site was renovated in the Ming and Qing dynasties and enlarged to its present scale as a park with fine gardening. A symbolic thatched hut was built to give visitor association to the original site. The poet's thatched cottage is esteemed as the holy land of Chinese traditional literature, and the place to memorize this Saint of Poem.
Located near the Jiuyan Bridge of Chengdu, the Wangjiang Tower is the most magnificent building in the Wangjiang Tower Park which is one of the three famous cultural relics in Chengdu along with the Wuhou Memorial Temple and the Thatched Cottage of Du Fu.
It is a four-floor architecture with a height of 39 meters. Built in Qing Dynasty Guangxu Period, each floor is decorated by the animal clays and characters carvings. Wangjiang Tower is dedicated to Xue Tao, a poetess in the Tang Dynasty. A Woman in the past lacked social status and therefore it is all the more fascinating.
It is also called Chongli (grand and beautiful in Chinese) Tower, derived from an ancient article describing Chengdu as beautiful and grand. Of the four stories of the tower, the upper two are octagonal while the lower two are square with every eave layer exquisitely decorated with sculptures.