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Interesting Facts about Mount Everest

Mount Everest, also known as Mt. Qomolangma, meaning "Goddess" in Tibetan is the highest mountain on earth with an altitude of 8, 848.13 meters. Mt. Qomolangma known to the western world as Mt. Everest stands at the south of Tingri County in southern Tibet.  Let's see some interesting facts about Mount Everest that you didn't know before.

Is Mt. Everest the highest mountain in the world?

height of mt everest

Actually, if measured from the sea level, Mount Everest is the highest Mountain in the world with an altitude of 8,848 m (29,029 ft). The height 8,848 m (29,029 ft) of the Mt. Everest is officially given and recognized by government of China and Nepal. They claimed that the data was the most precise and accurate one to date, basing on the highest point of rock not the snow and ice cap on the Mountain.

Although Mount Everest is the highest mountain above sea level, Hawaii's Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain base-to-peak: 10,210m (33,500 ft), 4,205m (13,796 ft) above sea level. 

Which country does Mt. Everest belong to ?

map of mt everest

Mount Everest is located on the border between China’s Tibet Autonomous Region and Nepal. 

Its north slope is located in the territory of the People's Republic of China. It lies at the south edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which is also known as Qing Zang Gaoyuan in China, detailed in the Dingri county of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Its south slope lies in the kingdom of Nepal. Nepal is a South-Asian Country bordering China to its north and Indian to the other 3 directions (south, east and west). In the cities of Pokhara and Lukla, travelers can catch a glimpse of mount Everest.

Although the mountain is shared between China and Nepal, its summit is in China and belongs to China. 

What are the various names of Mt. Everest? 

Mount Everest was briefly referred to as "Everest” in western countries, and literally translated as “Holy Mother”. It was called Sagarmāthā or Sagar-Matha by Nepal people, but was announced as Qomolangma or chomolangma by People's Republic of China.
There are also many local names for the world’s highest mountain, such as Kangchenjuga, Dhaulagiri, Deodungha, Chomolungma, etc, which are mainly named by Nepalese and Tibetans.

How many routes to climb Mt. Everest? 

There are two main climbing routes on Mount Everest. One is the technically easier one form the southeast ridge in Nepal and the other is challenging one from the north ridge in Tibet.

Who is the first Mt. Everest climber?

mt everest first climber

The first climber to reach the summit of Mount Everest: Edmund Hilary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. They reached the summit of Mount Everest from the Southeast side on May 29, 1953. The time they reached on the top was at 11:30 a.m. And Tenzing later admitted that Edmund Hilary was the first one set his foot on the summit.
First people to climb the Mount Everest without the use of oxygen supplement: Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler, on May 8, 1978
The first solo climber: Reinhold Messner also climbed to the summit of Mount Everest through the north ridge routes, solo. He arrived the summit on Aug. 20, 1980.

Who is the oldest Mt. Everest climber?

The oldest climber: Bahadur Sherchan successfully climbed Mount Everest at 76 years old on May 25, 2008
The oldest woman to summit: Anna Czerwinska on May 22, 2000. Anna Czerwińska is a Polish mountaineer; she was the oldest woman to Summit Mount Everest at the age of 50.

Who is the youngest Mt. Everest climber? 

mt everest youngest climber

Temba Tsheri, on May 24, 2001, at the age of 16 years and 14 days, he became the youngest ever person to climb Mount Everest. He was honored as the "Nepali mountain eagle".

Who is the fastest Mt. Everest climber?

Fastest Ascent from Southeast side: Babu Chiri Sherpa was a Sherpa mountaineer from Nepal. He was a legendary guide who reached the summit of Mount Everest ten times. He spent 21 hours on the summit of Everest without auxiliary oxygen, and he made the fastest ascent of Everest in 16 hours and 56 minutes.

Fastest Ascent (north side): Australian climber Christian Stangi was recorded to have made the fastest ascent in 2007.

Is Mt. Everest increasing in height?

According to the plate tectonics theory, the height of the Mt. Everest is adding and the tectonic of the mountain is moving northeastwards. It is suggested that the Mt. Everest is 4 mm (0.16 in) per year (upwards) and about 3-6 mm (0.12--.24 in) northeastwards per year. There are also other ideas that think the northeastwards movement is faster as 27mm (1.1in) and the Mt. Everest is not growing higher but shrinking.

What is the death rate of Mt. Everest climbers?

death on mt everest

A Nepal earthquake on April 25, 2015 triggered an avalanche of Everest, leaving 22 people without a life, making 2015 the deadliest year for people to climb mt. Everest after 1975. For the first time in more than 40 years since 1975, no one successfully conquered Everest in 2015. So far, a quarter of the 6,958 people who have tried to reach the summit of mount Everest have died.

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