Puning Temple

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Puning Temple is located among the mountains to the north of the Mountain Resort of Chengde City in Hebei Province, China.
 
Puning Temple is one of the famous Eight Outer Temples in Chengde City, Hebei Province. The Eight Outer Temples were constructed from the 1713 to 1780 of Emperor Qianlong’s reign. Originally there were 11 temples, but now there are only seven temples and one relic left, which are collectively called the Eight Outer Temples. There are Puren Temple, Pule Temple, Anyuan Temple and Pushan Temple, which is the only existing relic, to the east of the Mountain Resort; Puning Temple, Xumi Fushou Temple, Putuo Zongsheng Temple and Shuxiang Temple to the north of the Mountain Resort.
 
 All these temples are resplendent and magnificent, dotting the Mountain Resort like a myriad of stars surrounding the moon. If the halls and palaces of the Mountain Resort are the symbol of an emperor's reign, then the numerous temples represent different regions or ethics, which have different political and historical background. These temples and the Mountain Resort together form a picture that symbolizes national integrity and ethical unity. 
 
Puning Temple was constructed in 1755 of the Qianlong reign. In order to celebrate the suppression of rebellion of Junggar tribe, Emperor Qianlong invited the four troops that participated in the suppression to the Mountain Resort in October in the 20th year of the Qianlong reign. He dubbed leaders of the four troops, and ordered to build Puning Temple.

Puning Temple is of grand scale, occupying an area of more than 23,000 square meters. The main structure in the temple is the Hall of Great Buddha. The hall is 36.75 meters high, and has six layers and multiple eaves. The top of the hall is a gold-plated dome. The hall is a representative of the architectural style of Chinese temples and mosques. A Bodhisattva statue with thousands of hands and eyes is enshrined in the hall. The statue, 21.85 meters in height and 110 tons in weight, is carved out of wood and plated with gold. It sits on a locus throne of 2.22 meters high. The statue has 42 hands, two of which clamp together and the rest with different musical instruments in them. The statue is one of the famous large-scale wood-carved Buddha statues in China. All around the hall there are other Tibetan constructions, such as pagodas and terraces. Besides the Hall of Great Buddha, there are the Miaoyan Room and the Hall of Scripture Preaching, where Qing emperors listened to the preaching and had a rest. 

Three stone tablets are preserved in the Puning Temple. The whole building complex of the Puning Temple mixed the artistic style for Han, Tibetan and Indian architectures, and formed the typical image of a Buddha World with Buddha statues as its main body, holding an important position in the history of Chinese architecture.
 



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