Chinese civil aviation provides warm, safe and quality service for tourist. The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), a functional department for trade administration of China's civil aviation and transportation services, takes charge of all of the 970 domestic regular flights. With Beijing as the center, an air transport network involved 44 local air routs and radiates to 130 cities around the country. By the end of 2005, China has had 135 civil scheduled-flight airports in 133 cities. Currently, China has 1,227 airplanes and 132 airports in operation.
All of the CAAC'S aircraft have reached the world advanced level and the major airports are modernly equipped.
Here are the reliable air companies in China:
Air China International Corporation (CA)
China Eastern Airlines (MU)
China Southern Airlines Co. Ltd (CZ)
Xiamen Airlines (MF)
Chinese airlines offer free baggage allowances as follows:
40 kg for first-class passages
30 kg for business-class passages
20 kg for economy-class passages
A child paying 10% of the adult fare does not enjoy free baggage allowance.
China enjoys developed railway transportation. The total mileage of railways open to traffic in China amounts to 127949.1 km. In service are 37942 pairs of passenger trains and 416 routes for tourist trains. Chinese railway service boasts domestic and international operations.
The domestic trains fall into FOUR categories as followings:
- High-speed train is the latest and most modern train with air-conditioning and comfortable carbine between short-distance cities, initiating with “D” as its serial number.
- Special express train is the most fast-speed train with air-conditioning and clean carbine, initiating with “T” as its serial number.
- Express train is a fast-speed train with air-conditioning and clean carbine, initiating with “K” as its serial number.
- Normal passenger train is an ordinary train without air-conditioning, initiating with “P” as its serial number. It is always late in most cases.
There are four classes on the train:
- Hard Seat-It is the cheapest way for your railway transportation in China. You have to sit on a hard seat , sharing a table with other 3 or 5 people face to face. Usually it is quite noisy and dirty in the carbine of hard seat since a frequent flowage of population. Furthermore, the toilet is too worse to be used.
- Soft Seat-You will find more soft seats or only soft seats on most inter-city trains, tourist trains and high-speed trains. Compared with hard seat, soft seat offer you a more comfort and clean environment with air-conditioning. We recommend soft seat to you for the short distance trip to saving time and money.
- Hard Sleeper-There are six bunks to a compartment without door, including two upper bunks, two middle bunks and two lower bunks. In most case, it is noisy and opens to everyone without any privacy even when it is time to go to the bed. A blanket and a pillow are equipped with every bunk. For the security of middle bunk and lower bunk passage, there are two safety belts connecting with the bunk. You can have your meals on the table placed between two lower bunks. The longer journey, the worse condition of the toilet.
- Soft Sleeper-There are four bunks to a compartment with a door, including two upper bunks and two lower bunks. Besides a blanket and a pillow, some soft sleeper bunks are equipped with a desk lamp. You can control the air-conditioning and broadcast on train by the bottom near your door. At the end of carriage, there are two toilets. One is a Chinese toilet and the other is a Western toilet. We recommend soft sleeper to you for the overnight trip between two cities.
There are 1.18 million km of highways in China, including 68 national highways and more than 1600 provincial highways. Currently, the Chinese government is speeding up the development of expressways and first-and second-grade special motor highways related with tourism are being vigorously constructed. The number of expressways in some major cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu, Taiyuan and Xi'an has totaled several dozens.
At present, all the provincial capitals and capitals of the autonomous regions are the highway passenger transport centers. Scheduled buses are available between the provincial capitals and their prefectures, cities, counties and towns. The number of tourist buses in large and medium-sized cities and interprovincial long-distance sleeper coaches is growing.
With a vast land in the eastern Asia, China has acoast of 18,000 km. The seaports and the inland water systems provide conveniences to develop the trade in different cities in China as well as the world.
The main rivers that are inland are the Yangtze, the Pearl, the Heilongjiang, the Huaihe, the Quiantang, the Minjiang and the Huangpu. The Yangtze is considered to be the "golden waterway". It is used for both freight and passenger transportation.
The northern zone consists of Shanghai as Dalian as the main shipping hubs. The southern hub has Guangzhou. Today the Shanghai Harbor is one of the largest harbors in the world, amongst the 20 other coastal harbors that inhabit China.
Better-known inland waterways
- The Shanghai-Chongqing navigational line along the Yangtze River, extending for 2,399 kilometers. On a given day the waters of the Yangtze River Three Gorges are plied by more than 50 luxury tourist cruises sailing along this line.
- The 146.6km Suzhou-Hangzhou section of the Grand Canal, enabling the passenger to feast his eye on the natural beauty of this water-bound land south of the Yangtze River.
- The 83km-long Guilin-Yangshuo route which runs through the postcard perfect scenery along the major section of the celebrated Lijiang River.
- The waterway from Guangzhou to Guiping (Guangxi) along the Xijiang River, offers regular passenger liners that shuttle between three national scenic resorts: Guilin, Lijiang and Zhaoqing.
Taxies of different grades and with different prices are running in the streets in large and medium-sized tourist cities in China. It is convenient for tourists to take the taxi when it is hailed. The basic price of taxies you have to pay is from 5- 12.5 yuan for a fixed kilometer in different cities. And over a certain distance which is different in different cities you have to pay for the one to two yuan per km. The total amount of your fee should combine the basic price and the extra price for extra km. Tourists should choose the taxi with the business license and ask for the receipt.
Subways have been built in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Tianjin and Shenzhen. Then convenient subways pass through the downtown areas of these cities.
Some hotels in Beijing and other main tourist cities have bicycles for rent. It is also lovely to take a pedicab to visit the Hutong and street scenes in Beijing.
Buses are one of the most common-used transportation tools in China. Compared with the crowd and dirty environment in the past, buses now are more comfortable and clean without the conductors in most cities. Every passage need to pay the charge of bus to the box placed at the entry of getting on or show a magnetic card to record the consumption of his fee. In some tourist cities, there are free-of-charge buses offered by government to the public and also buses with air-conditioning require more charge than ordinary buses.