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Beijing Travel Guide

Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway

Beijing-Shanghai High-speed RailwayThe Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway which can be called Jinghu High-speed Railway is one of the great projects in China. With a total length about 1,318 kilometers, this high-speed railway is a tie connected two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Sea Rim and the Yangtze River Delta. This project had already began in 2008 April and lasted for about 2.5 years. It will be finished in the October 2011 according to the schedule as a milestone in China railway industry.
 
The new Beijing-Shanghai line is being built to improve journey times and ease pressure on existing railway corridors between the two cities. At the very beginning, construction of this project was expected to take five years. But till the end of 2010, this high-speed railway line had been in a comparative mature stage and it may be open in the next October with a 3.5-year project time.
 
With an aim to serve a train runs in 380km/h, once till this railway is open, it will be named as the world’s fastest one — the position currently occupied by the trains of the Wuhan–Guangzhou line, which opened in December 2009. The non-stop train from Beijing South to Shanghai Hongqiao is expected to finish the 1305 km journey in 3 hours, 58 minutes, averaging 329 km/h.
 

*Basic Information
Name
Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway
Termini
Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway
Opened Time
October 2011
Length
1302 km (main line)   1318 km (total)
Duration
about 5 hours in total
Type
CRH (China Railway High-speed), for passengers transfer services
Operating Speed
380 km/h
Places Involved in
Beijing City, Hebei Province, Tianjin Province, Shandong Province, Jiangsu Province, Anhui Province and Shanghai City
 
 

Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway Map*The Project of Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway
After about 10 years to discuss since 1998, this high-speed railway project had been started in 2008. With the announcement of Premier Wen Jiabao in the opening ceremony on 18th April 2008, the railway project with the largest investment, the highest technique and the advanced world constructed level started its first footprint.
 
According to the situation along this line - more than a quarter of the country's population lives close to the line, which accounts for 10.2% of passenger transport and 7.2% of freight, this project is a chance for China to help the domestic economic field as well as tourism industry enter into a rapid developed era.
 
In the past, people who took trains to Shanghai from Beijing had to spend 14 hours. While this high-speed railway will reduce this journey time into 5 hours with a transport volume of about 220,000 passengers per day
 
*Infrastructure
With the original project plan, the Chinese Ministry of Railways prepared to build this high-speed railway with the domestic technology only. However, in May 2006, the Ministry opened an invitation to tender for contracts to the foreign market, with particular interest in the German and French high-speed railway technology.
 
From the data referred, Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway will built about 21 from the Beijing South Railway Station to the Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station via many provinces with some stops there.
 
According to the present process of it, the high-speed rail with maximum speed of 380 kilometers per hour crossing the 1,318 kilometers of Beijing to Shanghai line required higher and more precise requirements over the track.
 
Two thirds of the new route is expected to be constructed on embankment, with the vast majority of the remaining third being laid on bridges. Two major river crossings, of the Yellow and Yangtse rivers will be needed.
 
*Specifications
Jinghu High Speed RailwayThe Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway Co., Ltd. is in charge of construction. The project is expected to cost 220.9 billion yuan (about $32 billion). An estimated 220,000 passengers are expected to use the trains each day, which is double the current capacity. During peak hours there should be a train every five minutes. 1060.6 km, or 80.5% of railway will be laid bridges. There are 244 bridges along the line. The 164-km long Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge is the longest bridge in the world. The 113.69-km long viaduct bridge between Langfang and Qingxian is the second longest in the world, and the viaduct between Beijing's Fourth Ring Road and Langfang is the fifth longest. The line also includes 22 tunnels, totaling 16.1 km. 1196 km of the length is ballastless.
 
According to Zhang Shuguang, the deputy chief designer of China's high-speed railway network, the continuous operating speed is expected to be 350 km/h (220 mph), with maximum operating speed up to 380 km/h (240 mph). The average commercial speed from Beijing to Shanghai will be 330 km/h (210 mph) and cut the train travel time from 10 hours to 4 hours. The rolling stock used on this line will be the CRH380 trains. CTCS-3 based train control systems will be used on the line, to fulfill the requirement of 380 km/h of running and the minimum train interval at 3 minutes. 16-car trainset will be used, the power of each trainset will be 20 MW, at capacity of about 1050 passengers, each passenger from Beijing and Shanghai consumes less than 80 kWh in average.
 
To ensure the safe, high-speed and stable operation of the train, the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail line utilized the Chinese Railway Type II slab tracks, the world's most advanced track system. These tracks replaced the traditional railway ballast by concrete paved board with the base structure to reduce the vibration noise of the high speed rail with sound track geometrical conditions that will provide better comfort for passengers.
 

*Footprint of Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway
In December 1990, the report of Jinghu (Beijing-Shanghai) High-speed Railway Construction Policy had been finished by Chines Ministry of Railways
 
In 1994, a further study of Jinghu (Beijing-Shanghai) High-speed Railway Construction Policy had been finished.

In December 1994
, the official department of Jinghu High-speed Railway Construction had been built up.

From October 1998 to April 2000
, the Chinese Ministry of Railways had improved the Jinghu (Beijing-Shanghai) High-speed Railway Construction Policy according to the evaluation report.

In 2001
, the government had done the preparation work of the necessary land to construct this high-speed railway.

From July to October in 2003
, the temporary international consultation work had been finished

In September 2003
, the necessity and the inevitability to build Jinghu High-speed Railway ensured the construction of this project.

From October 2003 to July 2005
, the finalized international consultation work had been finished.

During the 2006 to 2007
, the Chinese State Department and other related departments had finalized the preparation work of this project. And on the 27 December 2007, the Jinghu High-speed Railway Co. Ltd had been found.

On 18 April 2008
, the Jinghu High-speed Railway project had been started.

From 2008 to 2010
, this project had been fully started and every part of this railway had been finished in succession.

And on 15 November 2010
, The overall track-laying run-through ceremony of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway line was held in Central China’s Bengbu City, marking the remarkable project staged into testing and commissioning phase.

On 3 December 2010
, a high-speed passenger train manufactured by CSR set an operating speed record of 486.1 km/h on a test run on the Beijing-Shanghai line.

In June 2011
, Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed train may be launched and officially open to the public at the end of June. And the trial prices had been announced as following:

 *Stations
There are 24 stations on the line. The line has two speeds of service, 300 km/h (186 mph) 'G' trains and 250 km/h (155 mph) 'D' trains.
Station
Name
Chinese
Total distance (km)
Travel Time
High-speed rail
transfers*
Location
250 km/h
300 km/h
Beijing South
北京南
0
0:00
0:00
Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway
Beijing
Langfang
廊坊
59
 
 
 
Langfang
Hebei
Tianjin West
天津西
Not on main line
 
 
Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway
Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway
(through connection line with Tianjin Station
Tianjin–Baoding High-Speed Railway
Tianjin
Tianjin South
天津南
131
0:36
0:34
 
Cangzhou West
沧州西
219
 
 
 
Cangzhou
Hebei
Dezhou East
德州东
327
 
 
Shjiazhuang-Jinan Passenger Dedicated Line
Dezhou
Shandong
Jinan West
济南西
419
2:26
1:32
Shjiazhuang-Jinan Passenger Dedicated Line
Jinan
Taian
泰安
462
 
 
 
Taian
Qufu East
曲阜东
533
 
 
 
Qufu
Tengzhou East
滕州东
589
 
 
 
Tengzhou
Zaozhuang
枣庄
625
 
 
 
Zaozhuang
Xuzhou East
徐州东
688
 
 
Zhengzhou–Xuzhou High-Speed Railway
Xuzhou
Jiangsu
Suzhou East
宿州东
767
 
 
 
Suzhou
Anhui
Bengbu South
蚌埠南
844
 
 
Hefei–Bengbu High-Speed Railway
Bengbu
Dingyuan
定远
897
 
 
 
 
Chuzhou
滁州
959
 
 
 
Chuzhou
Nanjing South
南京南
1018
 
 
Hefei–Nanjing High-Speed Railway
Nanjing
Jiangsu
Zhenjiang South
镇江南
1087
 
 
 
Zhenjiang
Danyang North
丹阳北
1112
 
 
 
Danyang
Changzhou North
常州北
1144
 
 
 
Changzhou
Wuxi East
无锡东
1201
 
 
 
Wuxi
Suzhou North
苏州北
1227
 
 
Suzhou–Jiaxing Intercity Railway
Suzhou
Kunshan South
昆山南
1259
 
 
Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Rail Corridor
Kunshan
Shanghai Hongqiao
上海虹桥
1302
7:56
4:48
Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway
Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Rail Corridor
Shanghai
Note: * - Lines in italic text are under construction or planned.

Data from: wikipedia

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