Symbols of China
Chinese Loong, differ from Dragon in western countries, is a symbol of power, strength, and good luck. As a mythical creature that only appear in legends and mythologies, it is the totem of Chinese nation, and even the symbol of ancient throne. Moreover, Loong is one of the Four Sacred Animals in Taoism, the god of east together with White Tiger, Rosefinch and Tortoise.
Typically, Loong is portrayed as a long, scaled, serpentine creature with four legs. It said to be the guardian of water, rainfall, hurricane, and floods. With auspicious powers, Loong was therefore considered the symbol of the Emperor of China in ancient times. Officially, a 5-clawed dragon symbolized the Son of Heaven (the Emperor himself), while 4-clawed dragon (flood dragon) indicated the nobles.
Sometimes Chinese people would identity themselves as "Descendants of the Dragon".
Not like Loong with incredible power, Giant Panda of China more like a adorable creature, a kind of animal represents of friendly and peace indiplomacy affairs. Panda is considered the conservation reliant endangered specie that can only be found in China region, especially in western China like Sichuang and Shannxi, etc.
Literally known as a "black and white cat-foot" creature, giant panda is easily recognized by its large, distinctive black patches around the eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. Owning to its special living position and adorable appearance, it becomes one of the China's national emblems and the symbol of World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF).
The Great Wall
The star attraction of China is the Great Wall, which is considered the symbol of China and the wisdom of Chinese people. The construction of the Great Wall began in the 5th century BC. It is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials. As a spectacular defensive structure, it was built to keep intruders from entering the mainland, which stretches from Jiayuguan Pass in the west, to Shanhaiguan Pass in the east, with a total length of 8851.8 km that traverses Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, etc. 9 provinces and municipalities.
The steady stone fortification was inscribed into the list of the World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. Badaling, Mutianyu and Simatai sections within Beijing area are the most famous ones.
Chinese Martial Arts
Chinese Martial Arts, popularly known as Kung Fu, are a number of fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. Focusing on fighting methods, formed and played in set pattens and competitions. Those fighting styles are usually classified in different "sects" or "families" according to common traits.
According to the trainning methods and conception, Kung Fu can be divided into Internal, which focuses on "Qi", and External that concentrates on improving muscle and cardiovascular fitness. According to geographical condition, there are Northern and Southern sects.
Shaolin Kungfu is the best-known Chinese Martial Art that represents the External. While Taichi of Taoism is another outstanding martial art in China that stands for Internal.
Perhaps more than any other practitioner, Bruce Lee opened the eyes of the Western world to the fascinating practices of Chinese martial arts.
Chinese Cuisine enjoys a worldwide fame for its bright color, tender and mixture taste and strong aroma. With the fast development, Chinese cuisines have become increasingly popular among more and more overseas gourmets. Commonly, there are 8 major cuisines in China, which are Anhui, Canton, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, and Zhejiang cuisines.
Each of the 8 cuisine has their own characteristic and taste, among which, Sichuan, Canton, Shandong and Jiangsu cuisines maybe the most influential ones.
Generally speaking, Sweet and Sour Pork, Gong Bao Chicken, Ma Po Tofu, Fried Rice with Egg and Pecking Duck are top ranked dishes in the menu of western people.
Confucianism is a kind of philosophical system in China that developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. The history of Confucianism can be dated back to the Spring and Autumn Period (771 - 476 BC). During the thousand of years, it has moulded and shaped the civilization of China and exerted a profound influenced upon almost one fourth of the human race.
Confucianism has left us a rich literary heritage knows as the Four Books and Five Classics, namely The Great Learning, The Mean, Analects, and Mencius; Book of Change, Book of History, Book of Odes, Book of Rites and Spring and Autumn Annals. For six centuries these four texts became the elementary requirements of Chinese education in the feudal society and served as the basis of the civil service examination by which scholars were selected for official posts at various levels of the government.
Confucius' central doctrine is that of the virtue of Ren. Ren is translated variously as goodness, benevolence, humanity, and human-heartedness. In short, Ren means affection and love. The conception of this ideology has made great effect on China's culture. Countries like Korea, Japan and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by Chinese people, such as Singapore, were also influenced by Confucianism.
Chinese characters can be considered one of the most recognizable characters in the world. It is a kind of "Square-Block Characters" that constitutes the oldest continuously used system of writing in the world, which belongs to Morpheme syllabic language of ideographic writing.
The Chinese Characters we see today has gone through several major transformations with the development of culture and civilization. In the Neolithic Age, people in China began to express things by simple marks that similar to some of the earliest known Chinese characters. When the inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells were found, the considered earliest Chinese characters came to us, with a history that can be dated back to the late Sang Dynasty (14th -11th century before Christ). Then it gone through Chinese Bronze Inscriptions of Bronze Age, Seal Script, Proto-clerical Script, Official Script, Standard Script, Cursive Script, Semi-cursive Script and the original complex form, till the simplified Chinese character used today in mainland China.
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is one of the great herbal systems of the world, is a branch of learning that studys physiology and pathology of the human body, and finds out how to diagnose, treat and cure disease. The history of TCM can be dated back to the 3rd century BC. The doctrines of Chinese medicine are rooted in books such as the Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon and the Treatise on Cold Damage, as well as in cosmological notions like yin-yang and the Five Phases.
Yet throughout its history it has continuously developed according to the changing of clinical conditions, and it has been sustained by research into every aspect of usage. This process continues today with the development of modern medical diagnostic techniques and knowledge. Chinese herbal medicines are very safe when prescribed correctly by a properly trained practitioner.
The main difference between Chinese and Western medicine can be described as Chinese treats the Yang (inner) and Western treats the Yin (outter). Everything in the universe can be described in terms of Yin or Yang. This is one of the underlying philosophies of Traditional Chinese Medicine.