China Climate and Weather


With a vast territory, most regions in China are located in the temperate zone and some regions in the south are located in the subtropical and tropical zones. Its northern part is close to the frigid zone. Ice and snow can be found all the year round in some alpine regions China is located in the noted monsoon zone m the world. Most regions are cold and dry in winter and have a warm and rainy climate in summer, Plus its varied topography and terrain conditions, its climate is complicated and diversified. There is a long winter but no summer in the northern part of Heilongjiang Province, while there is a long summer but no winter in Hainan Province. There are four distinct seasons in the Huaihe River valley. It is like spring all the year round south of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The climate in the hinterland of northwest China varies greatly in winter and summer. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in southwest China is a paramos with a Iow temperature throughout the year There is an arid climate and has less rain throughout the year in some desert regions
 
The warm and moist summer monsoons from the oceans bring abundant rainfall and high temperatures, with little difference in temperature between the south and the north. China's complex and varied climate results in a great variety of temperature belts, and dry and moist zones. In terms of temperature, the nation can be sectored from south to north into equatorial, tropical, sub-tropical, warm-temperate, temperate, and cold-temperate zones; in terms of moisture, it can be sectored from southeast to northwest into humid (32 percent of land area), semi-humid (15 percent), semi-arid (22 percent) and arid zones (31 percent).
 
Here are some details about climate in China.
► All-year-round average temperature: 11.8 °C (53 °F)
Highest average temperature: 31 °C (88 °F)
Lowest average temperature: -10 °C (14 °F)
Hottest months: June & July
Coldest months: January & December
Rainfall situation: On average there are 66 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 6 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. per month. Precipitation in China is basically regular each year. From the spatial angle, the distribution shows that the rainfall is increasing from southeast to northwest, because the eastern seashores are influenced more than inland areas by the summer monsoon. In the place with the most rainfall, Huoshaoliao in Taipei, the average annual precipitation can reach over 6,000mm. The rainy seasons are mainly May to September. In some areas, especially in the dry northwest, changes in precipitation every year are greater than in the coastal area. Based on precipitation, the area divides into four parts: wet area, semi-wet area, semi-dry area and dry area.
 
♦ Temperature Zones Divisions:
Temperature Zone
Distribution Range
Cold-temperate Zone
north part of Heilongjiang Province and Inner Mongolia (Representative city: Harbin)
Warm-temperature
Zone
Jilin, northern Xinjiang, and most of Heilongjiang, Liaoning, and Inner Mongolia (Representative cities: Beijing, Shenyang, Dalian, Urumqi, Hohhot, Dunhuang, Lanzhou)
Temperature Zone
area of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Hebei Province (Representative cities: Xian, Taiyuan, Luoyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Zhengzhou)
Subtropical Zone
South of isotherm of Qinling Mountain-Huaihe River, east of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Representative cities: Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau, Guilin, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Chengdu)
Tropical Zone
Hainan province, southern Taiwan, Guangdong, and Yunnan Province (Representative cities: Haikou, Sanya)
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Temperate Zone
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Representative city: Lhasa)
 

♦ Temperature Charts of Representative Cities in Each Zone
The following cities are representatives to let you know about the temperature situations in each part of China.

Northern China - Harbin (Cold-temperate Zone)

Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
-19.4
-15.3
-4.8
6
14.3
20
23
21
14.4
5.6
-5.7
-15.6
Rainfall (mm)
8.2
5.6
10.2
18.0
40.2
84.6
143.8
121.1
58.6
31.3
10.8
6


Northeastern China - Beijing
(Warm-temperature Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
-3.7
-0.7
5.8
14.2
19.9
24.4
26.2
24.8
20.0
13.1
4.6
-1.5
Rainfall (mm)
3.0
7.4
8.6
19.4
33.1
77.8
192.5
212.3
57.0
24.0
6.6
2.6
 
Central China - Xian (Temperature Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
-1
2.1
8.1
14
19
25
26.6
25.5
19.4
13.7
6.6
0.7
Rainfall (mm)
7
9.6
29
43.0
60.2
54.6
98.8
71.1
91.6
60.0
24.0
6
 
Eastern China - Shanghai (Subtropical Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
3.5
4.5
8.3
14
18.8
23.3
28
27.7
23.6
18
12.3
6.2
Rainfall (mm)
50.6
56.6
98.6
89.3
102.2
169.6
156.8
157.1
137.6
62.3
46.2
36.9
 
Southeastern China - Guangzhou (Subtropical Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
13.3
14.4
17.9
21.9
25.6
27
28
28
27
24
19.4
15.1
Rainfall (mm)
41.6
70.6
85.6
201.3
283.2
275.6
233.8
227.1
166.6
87.3
36.2
32.9
 
Southwestern China - Chengdu (Subtropical Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
5.5
7.5
12.1
17
20.9
23.7
25.6
25.1
21.2
16.8
11.9
7.3
Rainfall (mm)
5
10
20
45
80
110
235
245
120
40
15
5
 
Southern China - Haikou (Tropical Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
21.0
22.3
26.0
29.7
31.9
32.9
33.1
32.3
30.7
28.4
25.1
22.0
Rainfall (mm)
19.5
35.0
50.6
100.2
181.4
227.0
218.1
235.6
244.1
224.4
81.3
34.9
 
Tibetan Area - Lhasa (Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Temperate Zone)
Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
AVG TEMP (℃)
-10.7
-7.7
-0.4
8.4
14.9
19.2
20.9
20
14.3
6.3
-2
-8.3
Rainfall (mm)
0.8
1.2
2.9
6.1
27.7
71.2
116.6
120.6
68.3
8.8
1.3
1.0

♦ Climate in top tourist cities

Beijing Climate Shanghai Climate Hong Kong Climate
Guilin Climate Xian Climate Chengdu Climate
Hangzhou Climate Suzhou Climate Huangshan Climate
Guangzhou Climate Lhasa Climate Kunming Climate
Chongqing Climate Jiuzhaigou Climate Zhangjiajie Climate


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