China Travel Guide

Famous Landmarks in China

Famous Landmarks in China are considered the name cards of the country, like the Great Wall, Qin Terracotta Army, or the mighty Yangtze River, etc. Each of them is somehow, described a certain character of China. Come with TopChinaTravel, to witness and appreciate the landmarks in China.

The Great Wall

Famous Landmarks in China - Great Wall of ChinaThe star attraction of China is the Great Wall, which is considered the symbol of China and the wisdom of Chinese people. The construction of the Great Wall began in the 5th century BC. It is a spectacular defensive structure built to keep intruders from entering the mainland, which stretches from Jiayuguan Pass in the west, to Shanhaiguan Pass in the east, with a total length of 8851.8 km that traverses Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolian and Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, etc. 9 provinces and municipalities.

The steady stone fortification was inscribed into the list of the World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. Badaling, Mutianyu and Simatai sections within Beijing area are the most famous ones.

Forbidden City, Beijing

Famous Landmarks in China - Forbidden CityThe magnificent Forbidden City is considered the symbol of imperial power of ancient China. Located in the very heart of Beijing, magnificent Forbidden City, also known as Imperial Palace Museum, was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. Built in Yongle Period, Ming Dynasty (1406 - 1420 AD), it covered an area of about 720,000 square meters. It therefore is the largest and well-preserved wooden building complex of the world.

It now consists of 980 buildings with 9,999 bays of rooms. Originally, it was designed very precisely in accordance with a feudal code of architectural hierarchy which designated specific features for reflecting the paramount authority and status of the emperor. It once be the centre of the ancient, walled city of Beijing. It was listed as one of the world cultural heritages by UNESCO in 1987.

Qin Terracotta Army, Xian

Famous Landmarks in China - Qin Terracotta ArmyQin Terracotta Army in Xian, also known as the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses, is one of the greatest discoveries in the archaeological history. It is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shihuang, which has been buried underground for more than 2,000 years till 1974. According to their roles and position, those figures vary in height and charactered as warriors, chariots and horses

Known as the eighth wonder of the world, now is the biggest underground military museum to display all mighty terracotta warriors and horses made in Qin Dynasty (221 B.C – 206 B.C). There are four main categories of figures in this museum: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. It deserves its place on the UNESCO world heritage list.

Temple of Heaven, Beijing

Famous Landmarks in China - Temple of HeavenLocated at Chongwen District, Temple of Heaven also known as the Altar of Heaven, was first constructed in 1420 of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) as the venue for the Ming and Qing emperors to offer sacrifices to the Heaven and pray for harvest.

It is the existing largest sacrificing temple in China, which covers and area of 2.7 million square meters, and consists of three main groups of constructions, namely the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar. Renowned for its precise outlay, unique architectural structures and decorations, this building was recorded as one World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1998.

Yangtze River

Famous Landmarks in China - Yangtze RiverThe mighty Yangtze River is the life-blood, the "Mother River" of the Nation. It is a curious blend of the grand natural scenery and brilliant human culture. Flowing through 9 provinces, over 6,300 kilometres long, it is therefore the largest and longest river in China, even in Asia.

It originates from the Tuotuo River on the southwestern side of the snow-draped Geladandong, flowing from west to east through 9 provinces and city of Shanghai, finally running into the East China Sea. This ‘Travelling-Through-the-Heavens’ River, with superb natural scenery and profound historical accumulations, is also a main tourist attraction in China, where you can appreciate the magnificent Three Gorges and mighty Three Gorges Dam, etc.

Yellow River

Famous Landmarks in China - Yellow RiverThe Yellow River, is "the cradle of Chinese civilization" as its basin, specifically, the Wei valley that cuts across the long Ordos loop, was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilizations and the most prosperous region in early Chinese history.

With a total length of 5,464 km, Yellow River, or Huang He in Chinese, is the second longest river of China and the 6th longest of the world, which has a basin area of 742,443 km². Originated from Kariqu Stream on the northern side of Bayan Har Mountans in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, this river flowing through Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shannxi, Henan and Shandong those nine provinces of China, and finally pouring into Bohai Sea.

Mt. Everest, Shigatse

Famous Landmarks in China - Mt. EverestStood at the south part of Tingri County in southern Tibet, Mt. Everest, or Qomolangma in Tibet, is the highest mountain of the world. With a height of 8,848 m above sea level, this mountain is permanently covered with snow. Its body assumes the shape of a pyramid with its peak stabbed the sky. Its snow peak sends out silver radiance year after year. Its waist is hidden in the clouds.

As the earth’s highest mountain, it is the ultimate goal of every mountain lovers. The optimum weather to visit Mt. Everest is from April to June, a golden period for mountaineers. But due to its complicated and volatile natural environment, it is actually a tough job even for those well-experienced mountaineers.

Giant Panda

Famous Landmarks in China - Giant Pand of ChinaGiant Pand is such a kind of very rare animal (conservation reliant endangered species) that can only be found in China region, especially in western China like Sichuan and Shannxi, etc.

Literally known as a "black and white cat-foot" creature, giant panda is easily recognized by its large, distinctive black patches around the eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. Owning to its special living position and adorable appearance, it becomes one of the China's national emblems and the symbol of World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF).

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