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Xinjiang Facts

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the border area of northwest China covers about 1.66 million square km, accounting for one sixth of the Chinese territory. The GDP of Xinjiang exceeded 400 billion yuan ($58.9 billion) in 2008.
The major religions in Xinjiang are Islam, Buddhism (including Tibetan Buddhism), Protestantism, Catholicism and Taoism. Shamanism still has considerable influence among some ethnic groups.
Since the Han Dynasty established the Western Regions Frontier Command in Xinjiang in 60 B.C., the Chinese central governments of all historical periods exercised military and administrative jurisdiction over the region.
Basic Information
Chinese Name: 新疆
Location: Xinjiang is situated in the northeastern border area of China.
Provincial capital: Urumqi
Area: Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region covers about 1.66 million square km
Population: Xinjiang region has a population of about 21 million, among whom 60 percent are ethnic minorities. There are 47 ethnic groups in Xinjiang, mainly the Uygur, Han, Kazak, Hui, Mongolian, Kirgiz, Xinjiang Location MapXibe, Tajik, Ozbek, Manchu, Daur, Tatar and Russian.
Administrative Division: Xinjiang region has five autonomous prefectures for four ethnic groups -- Kazak, Hui, Kirgiz and Mongolian; six autonomous counties and 43 ethnic townships..
Famous Cities: Urumqi, Turpan, Kashgar

 Xinjiang is situated in the northeastern border area of China. It borders Mongolia, Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India, among others. In China, it adjoins Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu and other provinces. Its geographical position is at 73° 41' - 96° 18' east longitude and 34° 25' - 49° north latitude.
► Minorities
Xinjiang is a multi-ethnic populated area where there are a total of 47 ethnic compositions, including minorities of Han, Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Kirgiz, Mongolian, Tajik and Xibe, Manchu, Uzbek, Russians, Daur, Tatar and other native minorities of 13. Now there are the rest of the Dongxiang, Zhuang, Salar, Tibetan, Yi, Buyi, Korean and other 55 ethnic groups.
► Religions
Xinjiang is an area with different religion. Main religion is Islam, Lamaism (Tibetan Buddhism), Buddhism, Christianity, Catholic and Eastern Orthodox and the Shamanism, which Islam is the religious that Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Kirgiz, Tajik, Uzbek, Tatar, Sarah, Dongxiang, Bao’an and so on more than 10 minorities believe in. Islam in Xinjiang has important effects on the social life. Mainly religious organizations in Xinjiang are Islamic association, Islamic theology Academy and the Buddhism association, etc.

 While Xinjiang enjoys between 2,500 to 3,000 hours of sunshine each year, the amount of annual precipitation for the entire region averages a mere 150 milliliters (ml), and thus the air is quite dry.
► Best time to Visit
The best time to travel in Xinjiang is in autumn, especially the August, September and October. In spring, due to the invasion of the cold air, there often appear high winds. Summer (June to August) is considered peak season and hottest season. The autumn months between September and November have the best weather and fewer tourists. In winter, Xinjiang has a high quality of snow and a long snowy period. 

► Clothing Tips
There is always less rainfall and the air is dry, so it is necessary for travelers to pay special attention to clothing and moisture supplement when traveling to Xinjiang. Spring in Xinjiang is dry and strong wind weather with strong ultraviolet ray; you'd better put on thin sweater or coat. Summer is too hot in Xinjiang, just take your T-shirt with you. Xinjiang is too cold in winter, so tourists need to wear sweater or thick coat. 
Xinjiang boasts rich and diverse tourist resources. Landscapes here are both unique and beautiful. If you come here, you will be attracted by wild landscapes and particular combination of natural sights. Here, you can see snow-capped mountains stand in very hot land, and deserts neighbor on oases.
Over 1000 kinds of wild animals and plants live in Xinjiang, including many unique grasses and trees, and animals. Here 23 natural reserves have been established, of which 4 ones are at the national level. Some famous scenic spots maybe have already been known to you, such as Tianchi Lake, Kanas Lake, Bosteng Lake and Bayanbulak Grassland. In Xinjiang there are many historical sites. Of them, well known both at home and abroad are Jiaohe Ancient City, Gaochang Ancient City, Loulan Ancient City, Kizil Thousand-Buddha Cave and Apak Hoja Tomb (commonly known as Xiangfei Tomb). Xinjiang is well known as the home of songs and dance, where folk custom is unique.
► Best Place to Visit
♦ Taklimakan Desert
Taklimakan Desert is a desert in Central Asia, located in the central of Tarim Basin, in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Prefecture, China. Covering a total area of 270,000 square kilometers, this desert is the 17th largest desert in the world. In Uyghur language, “Taklimakan” means “a place to leave behind”. Some accounts even claim that “Taklimakan” means “go in and you will never go out”.
As the name suggests, Taklimakan Desert is harsh and hazardous to cross because there is very little water in the desert. Taklimakan Desert is home to several oasis towns along the famous Silk Road. Many archeological treasures were found here buried under the sand. Mummies, some 4,000 years old, have also been found in the region.
♦ Urumqi
Urumqi is an isolated out-post of the ancient Silk Road. The city once was an important transportation hub on the Silk Road, and now serves as the capital city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. In here, you can visit to Tianchi Lake, Southern Pasture and Erdaoqiao Grand Bazaar.
♦ Turpan
Turpan, an oasis city, is located at the southern foot of Bogda Peak and in the center of Turpan Depression. Because of the drastic 5,000-meter difference in height between the mountain tops and the bottom of the depression, the scenery too, varies greatly at different altitudes from perpetual snow at the summits to green oasis at the foot of the mountains. In here, you can visit to Jiaohe Ancient City, Grape Valley, and Flaming Mountain to experience different aspect of Xinjiang.

Tianchi Lake
♦ Kashgar
Kashgar has been an important trading center since the days of the Silk Road, and still is today. The road from Eastern and Central China branches out to both the north and south of the Taklamakan Desert, and Kashgar is where the two branches meet again in the western part of the desert. In here, you can visit to Apak Hoja Tomb, Id Kah Mosque, and Karakul Lake to enjoy the local culture and custom.
Xinjiang is located in the northwest frontiers with vast territory; the traffic problem has long been one of the bottlenecks of its economic development. Through more than 50 years of construction Xinjiang has initially formed on the basis of highway, railway as the backbone, including civil aviation, the oil and gas pipeline and so on four modes of transportation, connected areas around Xinjiang (state, city and county) and outreached the eastern region and neighboring countries integrated transport network. in the west. By the end of 2005, the Xinjiang highway traffic total mileage reached 89500 kilometers, the highway 541 kilometers, and the first class road 883 kilometers.
► Air
Xinjiang Aviation Company was established in 1985, and in 2002 Xinjiang airlines incorporated into China southern airlines. Xinjiang has 22 airports (including new construction, and relocation), the Urumqi Diwopu International Airport, Kashgar International Airport, Hotan airport, Yarkand Airport (new), Tazhong Airport (new), and so on, it is the province that has the largest number of airports in the domestic. The Urumqi Diwopu International Airport has become China's fourth largest international airport.

Urumqi, Xinjiang has opened to air traffic with 51 cities in mainland and six countries and regions. Urumqi has opened up flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Haikou, Harbin, Dalian, Qingdao, Jinan, Hangzhou, Chongqing, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Zhangjiajie and Dunhuang of 55 domestic routes, etc. And it has opened up flights from Urumqi to Almaty, Novosibirsk, Moscow, Islamabad, Bishkek, Yekaterinburg six international routes. The air line are 140000 miles.
On November 16, 2014, Lanxin high speed rail (from south Urumqi to Hami) was opened; marked Xinjiang officially went into the era of high-speed rail. After the high speed rail being operation its speed was 200 km that the running time from Urumqi to hami was cut down from 5 hours to 3 hours.
Corban Festival is the grand festival of Hui, Uygur, Kazak, Uzbek, Tajik, Tatar, Kirgiz, Salar, Dongxiang, Baoan and other minority. "Corban" in Arabic called Eid al-Adha. Eid is the meaning of the festival. Corban contains the meaning of "sacrifice" and "dedication", so general called the festival "Eid-ul-Adha" or "Eid al-Adha”. Corban festival is one of the grandest festivals, China's Xinjiang Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz minorities would transliterate it into "Kurban festival". Corban Festival opened in the Islamic calendar December 10; people celebrated this festival by holding ceremony, slaughtering goat and cow, and dine together. During the holiday, Kazak, Kirgiz, Tajik,