As an important city in southwest, Chengdu has convenient communications. More than 160 scheduled fights go to over 60 large and medium-sized cities at home and abroad. The Shuangliu International Airport is only 20 kilometers away from the city proper. In addition, Chengdu is the largest railway transportation hub in southwest China. It has two railway stations and many train tickets offices in the city proper.
• Chinese Name: 成都
• Location: located in the west plain in the Sichuan Basin
• Dialing code: (+86) 028
• Zip code: 610000
• Area: Chengdu has an area of 12,300 sq km
• Main attractions in Chengdu: Dujiangyan Irrigation System, Wuhou Temple, Thatched Cottage of Dufu, Kuan Zhai Alley, etc.
Administrative Division: Chengdu is a sub-provincial city. It has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts, 4 county-level cities and 6 counties
Population: According statistics, the total population in Chengdu is estimated around 12.21 million. Unlike the other parts of the Sichuan Province where many ethnic minorities like Tibetan, Qiang, Miao, Hui, Mongolian, Tujia and Manchu are living, Han Chinese is the vast majority nationality group in Chengdu. The fast growing of the population in the city thus makes Chengdu become a metropolitan.
Chengdu has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid. Chengdu is situated at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin and is therefore sheltered from northwest winds from Siberia in winter by the Qinling Mountains to the north; the short winter is milder than in the Lower Yangtze because of the sheltering effect of the Qinling.
According to the records and relics, there was human being living on this piece of land about 3,700 years ago. It is about 2,300 years ago the ninth king Kaiming of ancient Shu State moved his capital to the site and named it 'Chengdu'. Then the name has been kept until today. Due to its economic and military importance, more than seven local regimes appeared here in the history started from the end of Western Han Dynasty (8 A.D.-25 A.D.). Among them, the most famous one is the Shu State during the Three Kingdom Period 1,700 years ago. It is a miracle for a city to remain unchanged and prosperous through thousands of years and flames of wars, however, Chengdu is a miracle of this kind. During its development, the city has gain many reputations, such as the land of abundance, the city of Hibiscus, and the city of brocades.
Chengdu enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate characterized by an early spring, hot summer, cool autumn and warm winter. The average annual temperature for the year is 16 degree Celsius.
♦ Spring (March to May): Spring temperature rise early which is good for growth of trees and crop. But the rise and fall is not stable, and it is easily occurring continuous low temperature that will influence planting crops in the spring.
♦ Spring (March to May): temperature is moderate, but it is a little cool with rains. A thin coat is enough.
♦ Summer (June -August): Chengdu summer temperature is higher, hotter, short sleeves and short pants is suitable; People can put on trousers if you feel discomfort with mosquito, or carry a small bottle of floral water spray. About summer ultraviolet ray, do not have to worry too much, basic sunscreen protection is enough.
♦ Autumn (September to October): autumn is quite cool. Temperature difference is a little large. So a thick coat is necessary.
♦ Wuhou Temple –Wuhou Temple museum is famous at home and abroad of The Three Kingdoms culture. The temple is built to memorize Zhuge Liang, the distinguished statesman and strategist during the Three Kingdom Period, meanwhile the symbol of wisdom in Chinese people's mind. For his accomplishments as the minister and great personality, he was gain the name of Martial Marquis after his death. Hence, the temple got the name. Wuhou temple was built in 223, is mainly composed of Hui Tomb, Han Zhaolie Temple and Wuhou temple. The temple is magnificent and quiet, is the first batch of national key cultural relics protection unit.
♦ Thatched Cottage of Dufu –Thatched Cottage of Dufu is the Tang dynasty poet Dufu Chengdu house site, located in downtown Chengdu, is a poetic and bamboo forest landscape garden. Poet Dufu in 759 moved to Chengdu, and for 3 years and 9 months, poetized more than 240 poems here. The main building have big official residence, poetry history hall, wooden door, the Ministry of Works in feudal China, Shaoling thatched cottage, etc. Thatched cottage museum collected of various historical data of more than 30000 copies, 2000 pieces of cultural relics.
Known as the land of abundance, Chengdu boasts plentiful local products, a large number of scenic spots and historical sites, fine traditional handicrafts well known both at home and abroad.
Chengdu is the largest transportation junction in Sichuan and also in southwest of China. Now it is already form the transportation net of urban trunk road, national highway, railway and airlines.
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
♦ Address: In the middle part of Chuanxi Plain, at the north of Chengdu Shuangliu County
♦ Official website: http://www.cdairport.com/
Approved by the state council, September 1, 2013, the policy of 72 hours transit visa-free policy implementation was carried out in Chengdu. Chengdu Shuangliu airport can ensure a visa free permit issue service for visitors in the world of 45 countries. Transit travelers who hold a visa to the third country (third country is not China) and a connecting air ticket of leaving above authorized airports to the third country (third country is not China) within 72 hours can apply for a 72-hour visa-free to entry and exit from Chengdu Shuangliu international airport, and stay within the administrative area of Chengdu for 72 hours.
Chengdu Railway Station
♦ Tel: (029)82130402
♦ How to get: there are many buses that can reach Xi’an Railway Station, like bus No.5, 9, 13, 14, 25, 30, 40, 41, 42, 602, 603, 607, 622, 103, 105, 500, and other buses.
♦ Address: Qingyijiang Road, Chenghua District, Chengdu city, Sichuan province
♦ How to get: There are many buses to Chengdu South Station, you can take bus No.16, 49, 112, 19 and other passby buses to therre and get off at Chengdu South Railway Station, or you can take No.1, 7, 18 Subway Line to Chengdu South Railway Station
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