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Chengdu Travel Guide

Chengdu Facts

Chengdu Location MapChengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, located in the west plain in the Sichuan Basin, is a famous historical and cultural city with a history over 3,000 years. It serves as the provincial center for politics, economy, culture, and transportation. Its jurisdiction is over nine districts, four county-leveled cities and six counties. Known as the land of abundance, Chengdu boasts plentiful local products, a pleasant climate, a large number of scenic spots and historical sites, and fine traditional handicrafts well known both at home and abroad.

According to the records and relics, there was human being living on this piece of land about 3,700 years ago. It is about 2,300 years ago the ninth king Kaiming of ancient Shu State moved his capital to the site and named it 'Chengdu'. Then the name has been kept until today. Due to its economic and military importance, more than seven local regimes appeared here in the history started from the end of Western Han Dynasty (8 A.D.-25 A.D.). Among them, the most famous one is the Shu State during the Three Kingdom Period 1,700 years ago. It is a miracle for a city to remain unchanged and prosperous through thousands of years and flames of wars, however, Chengdu is a miracle of this kind. During its development, the city has gain many reputations, such as the land of abundance, the city of Hibiscus, and the city of brocades.

As an important city in southwest, Chengdu has convenient communications. More than 160 scheduled fights go to over 60 large and medium-sized cities at home and abroad. The Shuangliu International Airport is only 20 kilometers away from the city proper. In addition, Chengdu is the largest railway transportation hub in southwest China. It has two railway stations and many train tickets offices in the city proper.
 
Area Code: 028
 
Zip Code: 610000
 
Area: Chengdu has an area of 12,300 sq km
 
Geography: Chengdu has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid. Chengdu is situated at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin and is therefore sheltered from northwest winds from Siberia in winter by the Qinling Mountains to the north; the short winter is milder than in the Lower Yangtze because of the sheltering effect of the Qinling.
 
Population: According statistics, the total population in Chengdu is estimated around 12.21 million. Unlike the other parts of the Sichuan Province where many ethnic minorities like Tibetan, Qiang, Miao, Hui, Mongolian, Tujia and Manchu are living, Han Chinese is the vast majority nationality group in Chengdu. The fast growing of the population in the city thus makes Chengdu become a metropolitan.
 
Administrative Division: Chengdu is a sub-provincial city. It has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts, 4 county-level cities and 6 counties  
 
Climate: Chengdu enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate characterized by an early spring, hot summer, cool autumn and warm winter. The average annual temperature for the year is 16 degree Celsius.
 
The best time to visit is between March and June or between September and November. The hottest season here is during July and August when temperatures can be almost unbearable although Chengdu does have a few nice spots (such as Qingchengshan Mountain) outside the city center where it is possible to get some shade and respite from the heat.
 
This is also however the rainy season and it is awkward juggling the two types of weather at once! In summer the heat is wet with a high temperature of 35 degree Celsius and in winter, the average temperature is approximately 5 degree Celsius.

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