Well-known as the highest peak in the World, Mount Everest attracts climbers from all over the world. It likes a story book of brave and indomitable people. Some lost their lives on the road to the top, while some left their footprints on the peak. Since the first historic climb of New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay in 1953, more than 2000 people have successfully climbed Mount Everest.
There is a sentence saying “it is the worst time, it is the best time”. For adventurers who are now standing on the top of the Mount Everest, they may know the actual meaning of the sentence. The extreme cold, hurricane-force winds, and low oxygen levels (about one-third of the oxygen in the atmosphere as at sea level), the potential dangers which may cause people to lose life immediately, all of these frightens and threats finally turn into the extremely joy when they get to the closest point to the sky.
In this page, we list the successful records of climbing Mount Everest for your reference.
In 1921,the first British expedition, led by Colonel Charles Howard-Bury, Climbed from China’s Tibet. They reached the North Col at 7,020 m (23,030 ft). Mallory became the first person to set foot on Mount Everest and he find that the route up the North ridge looked long but feasible.
In 1922, the second British expedition team reached to the highest of 8320m with supplemental oxygen.
In 1924, the third British climbing team came for attempt. In this expedition team, George Mallory and Andrew Irvine missed when they tried to reach the summit with supplemental oxygen. The body of Mallory was found at the altitude of 8150m on Mount Everest in 1999. His camera was missing too. So, it is not sure that whether he and Irvine was the first to reach the top of Mount Everest.
In 1953, first successful ascent from the southeast ridge
Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay as members of the British expedition team successfully ascended to the top of Mount Everest thought the southeast ridge, at 11:30 A.M, on May 29. They were the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest. The team they were in was also the first team to reach the top of Mount Everest.
In 1956, Swiss mountaineering team put the next four climbers on the summit of Everest. The expedition made the first ascent of Lhotse (fourth highest) when Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger reached the top of Lhotse on May 18. The expedition set up camp 6 on the South Col and camp 7 at 8,400 m (27,600 ft). On May 23, Ernst Schmied and Juerg Marmet reached the summit of Everest followed by Dolf Reist and Hans-Rudolf von Gunten on May 24.
In 1960, first successful ascent from the north ridge
Chinese climbing team made the first summit via the north ridge of Mount Everest on May 25. Wang Fuzhou, Qu Yinhua, Gingbu(Konbu) were in this team. This expedition is also the first successful climbing from the north ridge of Mount Everest.
In 1963, the American team led by Jim Whittaker and accompanied by Nawang Gombu Sherpa climbed to the top of Mount Everest. On May 22, Americans Tom Hornbein and Willi Unsoeld first ascended from the West Ridge successfully.
In 1975, first woman to the summit
Junko Tabei of Japan became the first woman on the summit. Chinese team started their second attempt from the north ridge. Tibetan woman, Phantog, became the first woman to reach the summit from the Tibetan side.
In 1978, First ascent without supplemental oxygen:
Reinhold Messner (Italy) and Peter Habeler (Austria) reached the summit, the first climbers to do so without the use of supplemental oxygen
In 1980, first successful ascent in winter
First winter ascent by Andrzej Zawada's team from Poland: Leszek Cichy and Krzysztof Wielicki
In 1988, a joint mountaineering team from China, Japan and Nepal reached the summit of Mount Everest from both North and Southeast ridges.
In 1998, Tom Whittaker, who was naturalized America but born in British, reached the top. His right foot had been amputated. He was the first disable climber to scale the Mount Everest.
In 2000, Babu Chiri Sherpa made the fastest ascent of Everest in 16 hours and 56 minutes.
In 2001, Erik Weihenmayeris became the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on May 25.
In 2005, China arranged its fourth expedition and reached the top to measure the highest of Mount Everest.
In 2006, Mark Inglis from New Zealander climbed to the top of Mount Everest with his 2 artificial legs on May 15.
In 2007, Kenton Cool reached the top twice in a week on May 24.
In 2008, Min Bahadur Sherchan, a Nepalese, reached the top at age of 76 years and 330 days, becoming the oldest person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
In 2009, Apa Sherpa reached the top for 19th time, breaking his own record.
In 2012, Tamae Watanabe climbed Mount Everest for the second time and set foot on the top at age 73 years and 180 days, breaking her own record made ten years ago, still being the oldest female to the summit of Mount Everest.